1.1  Introduction

The
systems put in place in the human services filed to help children have a
profound effect on society to create change. This especially applies to the
foster care system that is designed to help children in need. It is estimated
that on any given day, approximately 428,000 children enter the foster care
system (“The AFCARS Report,” 2016). In 2015, it is projected that over 670,000
children had spent some time in foster care (“Trends in Foster Care and
Adoption: FY 2006 – FY 2015,” 2016). Calculated on average, children in the
foster care system are in state care for approximately two years and 6% have
remained in foster care for five or more years (“The AFCARS Report,” 2016). In
2015, 14% of children in foster care live in group homes or residential treatment
facilities (“The AFCARS Report,” 2016). 20,000 children in 2015 aged out of the
foster care system without reunification with families or permanent placement
(“The AFCARS Report,” 2016). These children that age out without reunification
or permanent placements were more likely to experience homelessness,
unemployment and incarceration in adulthood (“The AFCARS Report,” 2016).

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Statement
of the Problem

            The problem of the study is to analyze secondary data of
Group Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care
Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of
Children and Families to examine which has more favorable permanent placements
in the state of Wisconsin.

The
Purpose of the Study

            The purpose of the study is to determine if Residential
Care Centers or Group Homes are better to help troubled children transition
into more permanent placements. The study explores the differences between
Group Homes and Residential Treatment Centers. The results attained from this
study can help families make choices on the best care for their children, help
human services professionals make better informed decisions for placing the
children they work with and even policy makers. This study also shows the
possible differences between Group Homes and Residential Care Centers to decide
if the potential exists to create alternative programs or placements for the
children with high needs in order to delay or prevent them from being placed in
these centers. The secondary data that was utilized in this study was from Group
Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care Center
(RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of
Children and Families.

Significance
of the Study

            This study is
significant because of the increase of children entering Group Homes and Residential
Treatment Centers.

Delimitations
of the Study

            These are the
following delimitations of this study:

1.     
This study examined secondary data of
Group Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care
Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of
Children and Families.

2.     
Descriptive statistics were used to analyze
the data in this study.

3.     
 

Limitations
of the Study

Limitations of the study should be
narrowed down as much as possible. Wargo (2015) defines limitations of the
study as extraneous factors in which the researcher has no control over that
may influence the outcomes of the study. The following limitations are in this
study:

1.     
Other variables not listed might have
altered the study and this study is limited to the information obtained from
Group Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care
Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of
Children and Families.

2.     
Variables that are important to the
study are missing that could not be obtained from the secondary data such as
demographic information.

3.     
Child Placing Agency Dashboard Measures
were excluded from the study as they are larger entities that contain more
entities than just Group Homes and Residential Treatment Centers.

4.     
The data obtained from the secondary
study is self-reported and it is possible that it could contain data this is
inaccurate. For example, a child in the care center was disgruntled about
something and could have gave negative feedback when in fact he or she had
positive experience but might have responded in the moment.

5.     
The samples collected in the secondary
data has to contain duplicated clients could go between Group Homes and
Residential Treatment Centers.

6.     
The secondary data came from surveys
collected in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2015. No other data prior exists.

Assumptions of the Study

Assumptions of the study should
seek the truth. It is defined as the accuracy, honesty or trueness of
information attained regarding different populations within the study,
statistical analysis, research design and delimitations of the study (Wargo, 2015).
These are the following assumptions for this study:

Assumptions for this study are the following:

Group Home (GH) Performance Based Measures
Dashboard and the Residential Care Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures
Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of Children and Families research data
was collected ethically, responsibly and in an unbiased manner.  
Information gathered from Group Home (GH)
Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care Center (RCC)
Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of Children
and Families had residents answer both reasonably and
honestly.
The samples from Group Home
(GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care Center
(RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of
Children and Families were selected equally and experience the same
aspects of the study.
Residents from Group Home (GH) Performance
Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care Center (RCC) Performance
Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of Children and
Families had genuine interest in participating in the
research and do not have any other intentions unrelated to the study.

Hypothesis

      They
hypothesis is that Group Homes and Resident Treatment Centers will be different
based on demographics, length of stay, permanency and care provides. They
hypothesis are explained are explained more in detail. 

Demographics: Residential
Treatment Centers will have more admitted than group homes (Baker,
Wulczyn, & Dale, 2005).

Length of Stay:
Residential Treatment Centers have kids longer than Group Homes due to
treatment received.

Permanency:
Residential Treatment Centers have more placements in less restrictive settings
than Group Homes (Lyons, Woltman, Martinovich, & Hancock, 2009).

Care Providers: Those
that work with the youth in Group Homes and Residential Treatment centers have an
impact on residents’ lives and placements.

Definition of Terms and
Abbreviations

1.     
GH, Group Homes –A residence where people
live in a group that requires special care and attention where supervision is
provided (“Group Home,” 2017).

2.     
Group Home (GH) Performance Based
Measures Dashboard – Surveyed data on Group Homes collected by Wisconsin
Department of Children and Families (“Group Home (GH) Performance Based
Measures Dashboard,” 2017).

3.     
RCC, Residential Treatment Centers – A
facility where psychiatry health care is provided to people that have emotional
disorders or behavioral issues that require medication to relieve from
stressors and also receive supervision (“Residential Treatment,” 2017).

4.     
Residential Care Center (RCC)
Performance Based Measures Dashboard – Surveyed data on Residential Treatment
Centers collected by Wisconsin Department of Children and Families
(“Residential Care Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard,”
2017) 

5.     
Residents – Are people that are residing
at a facility or center for some length of time (“Resident,”2017).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER
2

According to a study conducted by Wonnum (2014), staff that
work at group homes play an important part in children’s lives through building
positive relationships. By being positive role models, staffs were positive
influences on the children that they worked with. Staff members helped children
create positive changes in children socially, behaviorally, mentally,
illustrate how to interact positively with others and develop problem solving
skills. This in turn also created positive outcomes when children are
discharged from group homes. While at group homes, children learn to develop
trust through positive relationships. As a result, children that had problem
behaviors eventually stop these behaviors and were more likely to exhibit
positive behaviors after they were discharged from the group home (Wonnum,
2014).

The relationships developed go with child developmental
theories. Cherry (2017) stated that Erikson’s theory of psychosocial
development places emphasis on developmental stages from birth all the way
until people die.  (Cherry, 2017)