1.

    Use the MARS model to discuss the maindirect predictors of wrongdoing at SNC-Lavalin. TheMARS model is providing a structure for the four direct predictors ofindividual behavior and performance: Motivation: There are many motivational factorsin the SNC -Lavalin case study, firstly, as a vice president of the firm pointedout that some executives benefitted from the briberies which is a strongfinancial motivation. Also, the employees at the lower level of hierarchy inlieu of saving their jobs were forced to engage in illegal activities likebribing as they saw the upper management doing so as pointed out by anothersenior executive. The case also states that there was a culture of wrongdoing,that is, the company did not vehemently oppose the act of giving or receivingbribery as it was a normal part of how they conducted the business, this motivatedthe act of such illegal activities among the employees. Ability: SNC-Lavalin executives seemed to behighly skilled at bribing government officials as instances stated in the casesuggest. For instance, SNC-Lavalin executives had been bribing Gaddafi’s son forlanding 5 major contracts in Libya which would have required skill in bribing.Another instance stated in the case was the decade of bribery hidden bySNC-Lavalin in Africa and Montreal which is an astounding period to conductsuch illegal activities under the radar.Roleperceptions: SNC-Lavalin employees should have been aware of their wrongdoingsbut since they saw a culture of bribery in the company they must have been accustomedto it as routine work.

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Situationalfactors: There might have been a circumstance where the company might have beenpressurizing the employees to indulge in activities like bribing to keep theshareholders of the company happy. Another may be a situation where somecorrupt executives at high positions in the company might have spread thebribing culture in other employees who might have indulged in it pertaining to thefear of losing their jobs.2.    Explain how moral sensitivity and moralintensity apply to the unethical behavior among several SNC-Lavalin executivesand other staff.Employeesacknowledging to the fact that their ways of conducting business was unethicaland not reasonable points to the fact that they had moral sensitivity.

However,since the company had made the unethical practices of bribery a norm within thecompany it can be argued that the moral sensitivity would have somewhat fadedin the employees. The employees might have started taking unethical practices suchas bribery as a part of their jobs which would have contributed to the growthof gradual moral insensitivity. SNC-Lavalin’s unethical practices had highmoral intensity as they were against the ethical and legal principles. 3.    What steps should SNC-Lavalin and othercompanies in this situation take to minimize these types of corporatewrongdoing? Thefirst and foremost step that SNC-Lavalin should take is instill leaders who havea track record of being honest and ethical in their conduct and dealings. Thereis a need for the company to dismiss or at least suspend the senior executivesfound guilty of unethical practices.

Also since the indulgence of the employeesin unethical practices has been a culture of the company for so long there is aneed for employee counselling sessions that the company needs conduct to helpthe employees to give up on such practices.