1)     Research and write in detail the main physical and psychological conditions affecting elderly people. Outline the conditions and their symptoms.

Physical conditions:

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·        Arthritis

Arthritis is the breakdown of tissue inside the joints. It can cause pain, inflammation, restricted movement of the area and an apparent weakness within the joints affected.

Symptoms: Stiffness, Redness, Inflammation in and around the joints, Tenderness and joint pains

Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for the disease but there are treatments available such as painkillers and corticosteroids, which can help slow down the condition.

·        Chronic bronchitis:

Chronic bronchitis is a respiratory condition. Most cases develop due to an infection irritating and inflaming the bronchi of the lungs, causing an overproduction of mucus.

Symptoms: Sore throat, Blocked nose, Aches and pains in the chest, Headaches, Cough.

Psychological conditions:

·        Anxiety Disorders: Anxiety disorder is a medical condition characterized by a significant feeling of persistent and excessive worry. Anxiety disorders are caused by many factors. Mostly anxious people are born with genetic vulnerability and are prone to develop an anxiety disorder. Response to stressful life events and personality traits can even prompt the condition or make it worse.

Symptoms include:

i. Persistent, unrealistic and excessive worries

ii. Panic attacks

iii. An irrational and intense fear of everyday objects and situations

iv. Difficulty in breathing, pounding heart, upset stomach, muscle tension, sweating, headache etc.

·        Schizophrenia: It is an illness that severely disrupts the functioning of our mind. It causes intense psychosis which involves hallucinations and delusions and longer periods of reduced expression, motivation and functioning. The symptoms of schizophrenia include:

Ø  Psychosis: A person experiencing psychosis finds it difficult to tell what is real from what isn’t; it involves disconnection from reality.  A person experiencing psychosis faces delusions, hallucinations, disordered functions, disordered behaviour etc.

Ø  Non- psychosis symptoms: Low motivation and loss of the ability to express emotions

Ø  Cognitive deficits- problems with attention, memory, verbal skills and other various mental functioning

Ø  Inattention to personal hygiene

Ø  Depression and anxiety

Ø  Reckless/ out of character behaviour


2)     Research and write in detail the legislation relevant to the aged care sector in your state.

Implement falls prevention strategies:

Research and write in detail the legislation relevant to the aged care sector in your state.

Aged Care legislation package was created by the Australian Nursing Homes and Extended Care Association; New South Wales (ANHECA – NSW) and the Aged and Community Services Association of NSW and ACT in conjunction with ANSTAT. It has been designed to assist aged care providers to meet accreditation standards and comply with legal requirements. 3 It has quickly established itself as an essential management tool for any provider of aged care services who understands the importance of keeping informed of the continual legislative reforms.

The Aged Care Amendment (Security and Protection) Act 2007 (Cth) gave legislative basis to the Aged Care Complaints Investigation Scheme and changed it to an investigation model, underpinned by published investigation principles. The Act also established the Aged Care Commissioner to replace the Commissioner for Complaints, with a stronger role in the handling of complaints about the Aged Care Complaints Investigation Scheme.

On 10 February 2016, the Aged Care Amendment (Red Tape Reduction in Places Management) Act 2016 became law.

The Act amends the Aged Care Act 1997 to:

•          change the process for transferring places between approved providers and replaces the application form with a more simplified Notice of Transfer that is signed by the transferring parties; and

•          increase the timeframe for approved providers to make provisionally allocated places operational from two to four years, while also limiting the number of extensions available.



1. https://www.alrc.gov.au/inquiries/aged-care-legislation-commonwealth (Assessed on 25/12/2017)

2.         https://agedcare.health.gov.au/publications-and-articles/legislation (Assessed on 25/12/2017)

3. https://www.saiglobal.com/Information/Legislation/Services/Industry/Aged_Care_Legislation_NSW.pdf (Assessed on 25/12/2017)

4. https://www.lifeline24.co.uk/medical-conditions/

5. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350772

6. https://www.uhs.umich.edu/tenthings

7. “Anxiety disorder.” sane.org. Sane.org, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2017.

8. “Schizophrenia.” sane.org. sane.org, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2017

9. https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2016A00001