1. Introduction FIS analysis is the mechanism for development of technology which helps to indicate success or failures based on existing state and externalities. Each function which are analyzed helps to determine current progress of innovation system. (Hekkert et al.
, 2011). The transition coming through with functions inter-connecting in different levels. The fundamental concept of the multi-level perspective (MLP) is to evaluate and study the part of these different stages i.e., (a) niche innovations shape up core drive, (b) variations at the landscape level generate pressure on the regime, (c) Changes in regime level create scene and opportunity for niche innovations (Schot and Geels, 2008).
The main concept behind FIS analysis and multilevel analysis is needed to be analyzed first to understand the inter-relation between them. Hence, the theoretical description of FIS and multi-level analysis are followed by the linkage amongst these analyses in our study of Tidal energy in the UK. 1.1. FIS analysis The function of innovation systems differs with regards to different innovation even though components may be similar.
In innovation system research, the functioning of innovation systems and its proper measurement is considered as a huge discovery (Hekkert et al., 2011). The interaction between different actors, political, social, economic which lead to different activities carried out by the parties to develop technology. The interaction helps in determination of Technology Specific Innovation System (TSIS) and named coined by Jacobsson and Johnson in 2000 which reads through activities carried out by parties is termed as Functions of Innovation Systems (Negro et al, 2007). The assessment of the impact of seven different functions to have overview of actor’s dynamics and new technology adoption is objective of this method. The seven functions of innovation are entrepreneurial activities, knowledge development, knowledge diffusion through networks, guidance of the search, market formation, resources mobilization and support from advocacy coalitions (Negro et al, 2007). All the new technology needs certain thrust to create itself in the market and these functions taking place at different stages of technological development, from the initial niche to landscape level, helps in construction of new technology by creating networks.
Additionally, FIS technique is a valuable technique to access “lock in” technologies as it grants a holistic method of the present situation, which can be support in development course and policy making. (Negro et al., 2007). 1.2 Multi-level analysis The technological transitions in the multilevel outlook is to recognize the interaction of stakeholders, environments, and innovations and provides a bond amongst evolutionary economics and R.
This wonderful model defines the technological leap into the landscape level going through the socio-technical regime with all the existing societal and economic pressure with its entry through the ninche level (Rip, 1995). The effective entry in the market of an innovation centrals to a key transformation in the prevailing socio-technical regime is known as transition in the multilevel perspective. The transitions and the technological innovations entering the present socio- technical regime through the market can vary in different paths lasting through various ways and steps (Schot and Geels, 2008). The strategies differs with each societal arrangements with different levels of parties with different dynamics. At respective level, specific sorts of actors join, precise (policy) framework are used and different proficiencies are needed.
Strength in each level can be achieved when all the level work towards similar box. (Loorbach and van Raak, 2006).