1. IntroductionThe Internet hasbecome all pervasive in the lives of young people. According to Whatl.com, TheInternet, sometimes called simply “the Net,” is a worldwide system ofcomputer networks – a network of networks in which users at any one computercan, if they have permission, get information from any other computer (andsometimes talk directly to users at other computers).
It is undeniable thatInternet has many benifits such as entertaining, communicating, learning orproviding new oppotunities, etc. Therefore, more and more people are usingInternet, especially young people. Besides some advantages, the Internet itselfalso brings numerous disadvantages to people and Internet addiction is aserious problem for teenagers. Thus, this paper, with the aim of providing thepublic an overview of some negative Internet inlfluences and some ways totackle them.
2. Discussion of findings2.1. The Internet effects on Psychology.The direct andmost typical impacts of the Internet are the ones regarding the victims’psychology. Recent researches have exposed the link between online bullying andthe Internet. Cyberbullying is an aggressive behavior using electronic means.
Such behaviors can makeyoung people feel lonely, unhappy, frightened, hopeless, worthless, and insecureand think that something is wrong. They lose confidence in their selves and maynot want to go back to school or try to find ways to be isolated from theirfriends. Furthermore, in extreme cases, continuous, persistent and intensebullying has led to terrible consequences such as suicide intent. According tothe Cyberbullying Research Center(2016), which had been survevyed 5700 studentsbetween the ages of 12 and 17 in the US, approximately 34% of the students in thesample report experiencing cyberbullying in their lifetimes.
When asked aboutspecific types of cyberbullying experienced in the previous 30 days, mean orhurtful comments (22.5%) and rumor spread (20.1%) online continue to be amongthe most commonly-cited. Harassment among children and adolescents may occur invery different forms not only manifested through roughhouse and aggression, butalso through different types of intimidation that leaves the victim exposed. Inaddition, cyberbullying can exert drastic effects on the victims’ physicalhealth.
In his article, Duverge(2015) mentioned that drug and alcohol abuse canbe caused when young people were bullied and agree that online bullying hasincreased the risk of subtance use at an early age among the victims. Anotherdisastrous impact influenced by the Internet is Cybersuicide. Cybersuicide hascaught the attention of the scientific community from the time that therecorded incidents of suicide are growing over the Internet. People who do notknow each other come together, meet online and then they are gathered in acertain place in order to commit suicide together. For example, one of the mostpopular online games called “The Blue Whale” which encourages people to killthemselves. According to The Sun- a popular newspaper in the UK, at least 130teen deaths across Russia link to this game.
Once engaged, the players willhave no way back. The Blue Whale chanllenge sets out series of different tasksfor players ranging from using knives or blades to create whale-likesilhonettes on their wrists or watching horror films day and night. On the lastday of the trial, by suicide, the players wil be admitted as a winner.2.
2The Internet effects on PhysicsAs children spend more time in front ofcomputer monitors, they typically spend less time in physical activities. Accordingto CNN Health(2017), children up to age 8 spend an average of 2 hours and 19minutes every day on screen media and for 8- to 12-year-olds, the average timespent using screen media every day was 4 hours and 36 minutes, so children whospend a great amount of time on the Internet also engage more in othersedentary behaviors. The sedentary lifestyle associated with computer usage canbe a prime risk factor for obesity, according to clinical psychologistKaleyvani Geeseeny Sawnmy, author of “The impact of Internt use onChildren/Adolescent”. In a study published in the PMC, it was discovered that those who spent the most time on acomputer were 1.5 times more likely to be overweight and 2.5 more likely to beobese than those who did not use a computer at all. Even those childrencomputer users who had high levels of physical activity were 1.
86 times morelikely to be overweight or obese than people who spent no time on computers.The Internet not only contributes to physical inactivity but commercialsand other programs also encourage us to eat more. It takes away from the timechildren spend on physical activities and also leads to increased energy intakethrough snacking and eating meals in front of the computer. Those habits of”sit time” and “snacks”, and also product advertisements online, influencechildren to make unhealthy food choices. Futhermore, computer use is linked toboth repetitive motion injuries like carpal tunnel and eye strain.
According toa survey which was mentioned in “Internet Use and its Impact on IndividualPhysical Health”, Internet users commonly complaint about dry eyes(73.7%),declining eyesight(64.1%), cervical pain(48.1%), and other things. The Internet,on the other hand, affects on the student’s academic performance. For instant, onlinegames or Social media sites totally distract children from studying. Instead oflistening carefully what teachers say in class, youngsters often think or chatwith their friends about how they can improve their ability in the games orwhere are they going to hang out in their cyber world and so on.
Moreover,after school, they just go straight to the computers, ignoring their homeworkand lessons to review, letting their grades lower more and more. Furthermore,teenagers may use the Internet to cheat during the exams. According to the datafrom a survey about using cellphone to cheating in the exams, 45% of students are believed to use the cellphoneto access the Internet and 20% admitted that they’d allready done this. 2.3.SolutionsThere are manyways to solve and prevent the harm of the Internet to youngsters. Socialnetworking sites such as Facebook, Youtube, Instagram need more control overposts that have a harmful effect on children’s innocent brain, as well asself-inducing seduction or violence. In addition, online games should not havehigh-violent games and games that are brain-thinking, brain development forchildren should be created is much better.
Besides, the family also plays animportant role in training children to use computers properly as well as guidechildren useful information.Moreover, families also need to care aboutchildren’s lives and feelings more, confide in them more to create more love,not to make them lonely. On the other hand, the internet users themselves needto have an objective view on this matter. They should know how to use theinternet properly and in the right way. They should also spend time outdoors,meeting friends instead of sitting in front of the computer screen for hours.