5.1.1 Level of involvement in religion among the universities students’
Based on the finding, it show that the highest scored had the Least Degree towards religious involvement, followed by the Moderate Degree, and High Degree. From the overall finding, it can be concluded that the level of involvement in religion among students show is in Least Degree or at the low level from the average mean score that obtain from the finding.
Moreover, is actually supported the finding that done by Dzuhailmi, Steven, Azimi & Abd (2014) where the study done to see the level of religion belief among different religious including Hindu shows that low religion belief practice among early youth. From the research in shows that the practice of Hindu among early youth is at the low level which significantly supporting the finding that done by in this research that show the level of religious involvement is at low level among Hindu students. It can be concluded from overall finding and comparison with literature review shows that the religious involvement or the practice among youth in Hindu community is at the low level. It can be due to the factor that the role of religious that play in Hindu community among youth give a little impact among the youth or religon can be the least important factor among the youth in this generation.
5.1.2 Level of distribution for the universities students’ attitudes towards homosexuality.
Based on the finding from the study shows that the level of distribution for the universities students’ attitude towards homosexuality which shows the highest score were at the level of Discomfort or Negative Attitude, followed by Discomfort or Negative, Neutral Attitude, Slightly Comfort or Positive Attitudes and Comfortable or Positive Attitude. It can be concluded from the overall finding in the level of average mean score shows that the level at the Slightly Comfortable or Positive attitudes among the Hindu students.
Moreover, from the finding that done by Herek, (1984); Malaney, Williams, & Geller, (1997); & Mohr & Sedlacek, (2000), on the level of attitude towards homosexuality show that finding is inconsistent with the study that done by researcher that looking into college students’ attitude towards homosexuality has been reported to be negative. However, a cross-national comparison study conducted by Adamczyk and Pitt (2009), shows that they found out that religions such as Hindu, Buddhist, Orthodox Christians and freethinkers held more accepting attitudes regarding homosexuality compared to Muslims which held more condemning attitudes regarding homosexuality. Compare to the the finding done by the research and compare from the overall finding, it proven that the attitude towards homosexuality among Hindu students’ to be more accepting or positive towards homosexuality. It can be conclude that attitude play a important role in understanding the attitude towards homosexuality among Hindu students’.
5.1.3 Relationship between attitude in religious involvement toward homosexuality.
Based on the analysis between attitude in religious involvement towards homosexuality in respondents of Hindu students. The value of Pearson correlation, showed that the relationship between religious involvement with the attitude towards homosexuality is at the modest but still inextricably linked. Moreover, the relationships between two variable is at negative correlation. It shows that the negative value coefficients mean that the relationship between religious involvement and attitude towards homosexuality among Hindu students is cross-linked. The relationship between these variables is negative, which indicates that, as religious involvement increase, attitude towards homosexuality decreases and visa versa.
Other than that, from the finding it shows that the null hypothesis was rejected and alternative hypothesis was accepted where the findings found that there was a significant relationship between religious involvement and attitude towards in Hindu students. Overall, it can be concluded that the majority of Hindu students with low religious involvement levels have a positive attitude towards homosexuality.
From the previous study, from the study conducted by Anderson and Fetner, (2008); Loftus (2001); Treas (2002) indicate that as such, individuals who attend religious services more than once a week, usually against homosexuals, and those who attend less shows a higher tolerance towards homosexuality. Morever, fromt the finding that conducted by Jäckle & Wenzelburger (2015), shows that one with higher religiosity is also known as a religious person who have more unfavorable attitude toward homosexuality generally. Moreover, researches indicated that those with higher religiosity had more negative attitudes toward homosexuals (Besen & Zicklin, 2007; Cardenas et al., 2012; Ng et al., 2015; Wu & Kwok, 2013; Yen et al., 2007). From the research it actually support the finding that indicated the the correlation where the lower the religion involvement, the higher tolenrance attitude towards homosexuality, and the higher the religion involvement, the lower tolenrance attitude towards homosexuality. Which shows that when the overall religious involvement among Hindu students’ religious at the low level, the attitude towards homosexuality is at positive level among the university students’. From the finding it can be conclude that relgious play an important factor among the students’ attitude towards accepting or rejecting homosexuality in their daily life. Even though the relationship between two variable is at modest correlation however it is plays a important role in influencing the attitude among the Hindu students’.
5.1.4 Difference of the level of attitude towards homosexuality between genders.
Based on the T-test that was carried out, this study found that there are differences in the level of attitude which is not singnifikan in Hindu students based on gender, where women have a level attitude towards homosexuality higher than male students. This study does not support by Franklin, and Whitley, and Yang (as cited in Tucker & Potocky-Tripodi, 2006), earlier research has shown that there are significant differences in attitudes and behaviors toward homosexuals across gender. However, it is strongly shows that the male and female will show different attitudes toward homosexuality.
However, in the previous study conducted by Kern and Fine (1994), examining the attitude of college undergraduate students, reported than males, compared to females, held more negative attitude towards gay men, but significant gender difference were not found in attitude towards lesbian.
Overall, the formulas that can be summarized from this study are based on the research questions set by the previous chapter.
Based on the first question of this study, what is the level of Hinduism’s involvement in Hinduism, is entirely low. In addition, for the second question of the study, what is the level of attitude towards homosexuality among Hindu students shows that the overall level of attitude toward homosexuality among Hindu students is at a Slightly Positive level.
Furthermore, for the third question of whether there is a religious involvement with attitude towards homosexuality among Hindu students shows that there is a significant and moderate relationship between these two variables. Meanwhile, for the fourth question of whether there is a significant difference attitudes toward homosexuality between gender shows that there is no significant relationship between genders.
Therefore, it can be concluded that the independent variables of religion involvement involved in this study influence the dependent variable of this study, namely attitude towards homosexuality because there is a relationship between these variables.