A birth defect happens to the embryo starting within the course of the first 3 months of pregnancy, when the child is as yet developing in the womb. Birth defect is just present during childbirth, and might cause physical or mental disabilities. Birth defect is very typical worldwide, as data the United States has demonstrated and proven, “each four and a half mins, a toddler is conceived with birth disorder (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).” There are two main kinds of birth defects, structural and metabolic. “An structural birth defect is which a newborn child is conceived with a few parts of the body absent. (National Academies Press)” The most commonplace structural birth defect is the coronary heart defect.  However, others also consists of dislocated lips, cleft palate and so on.

The opposite of the structural birth defect is known as metabolic or functional birth defect, it is while there might be an issue with the baby’s body chemistry. A common case of the  metabolic birth defect is the Tay-Sachs disease. It is a deadly disorder that influences the central nervous system.Birth defect is due to numerous reasons, some forms of birth defect are unknown, however, the genetic abnormalities from the parents is the most common cause.

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Genetic abnormalities occur while a gene becomes blemished due to a sudden change. For a few different kinds of birth defects, the reason for it can be hard to discover, but, “some certain behaviors increases the risk of birth defects significantly. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)” The acts may include smoking, consuming alcohol, taking certain medicinal drug and so forth.

Birth defect can be diagnosed even earlier than the infant was born. Prenatal tests ought to help to diagnose and could also assist to determine whether the mother has an infection or other risky situation that can be harmful for the fetus. However, it is critical to remember screening prenatal assessments only has the “potential to become aware of the possibilities of a birth disorder. (Jones, Phill)” A few occurrences has proven that woman is able to give birth to a healthy baby even after prenatal screening has proven that a birth defect is present. Babies who have birth defect often needs special medication to be able to thrive, and it is highly unlikely for them to be fully cured. A chinese actress’s daughter was born with a cleft palate, and she had to do over five surgical procedure’s simply to speak normally.

The abnormality look of that girl’s lips is nearly impossible to cure.Birth defects are hard and not all of them can be averted, but, it is not impossible. There are actions that “the mother can do to decrease the risk of letting the baby have birth defect. (Birth Defects: Causes, Symptoms, And Diagnosis)” First, to make sure that all the medicines used are under manipulate. Second, remember that situations like diabetes or obesity might also increase the danger of birth defect. Third, to see the medical doctor to begin prenatal caring as soon as possible.

Most importantly, do not drink alcohol, smoke or do avenue drugs in the course of the pregnancy.   Birth defect can be generalized as the baby is borned with disabilities, either mentally, such as the body chemistry of the baby, or structurally, the abnormal appearance. Hopefully this information page has been able to expose more facts about birth defect to you and help make you more knowledgeable about the subject.