Abstract

This research
paper is based on the automated technologies that are been used in India.
Agriculture is a primary occupation and most of the people depend upon this
occupation for food. More than 60% of the population is dependent on the
agriculture and one third of the nation’s income depends on agriculture. There
are various issues that have come up over the years which is halting the
progress in agriculture. Population has increased considerably and the demands
are increasing as well. Most of the Indian farmers work using traditional ways
which can make a very little difference. Also they have very little knowledge
about the technologies that have come up over the years. Many of the farmers
leave their jobs because of no scope in agriculture but that is not the case.
In order to overcome such issues there is a need to implement technologies that
will benefit the farmers as well as the nation. Automated technology is the
solution which can bring revolution in the realm of agriculture. There are many
technologies that are been discussed which can be useful for the farmers to
increase quality and quantity of the production.

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Keywords- Technologies, Yojna, GPS,
platforms, irrigation robotics.

 

I. INTRODUCTION

1India’s
population is increasing ever since and by the year 2040 the population may
riseupto 9 billion. This in turn will be a big problem for the people to get
enough and good quality food. The answer to the problem is automation which can
reduce the efforts that the farmers puts in. Automation is the use of machines,
control system and various information technologies to enhance agricultural
activities. This will help India to become a better competitor in the world but
also will help in increased production and delivery. The Indian farmers are
getting the taste of automated technologies as the government is trying to make
efforts to make the farmers savvy about various automated technologies. 2Technologies
like Agribots, Satellite farming, Big data, biological and many such automated
technologies are used in India as per the trends for the year 2017. This has
reduced the work load of the Indian farmers.BIG DATA FOR NEXT GREEN REVOLUTION :4It is very clear that the increase in
population will make it a big problem for the food supply for the people around
the country by 2050. Agri-businesses are subject to many regulations and
consumer requirements and there is a need to record such data which can be used
to analyse the future needs. Also would provide greater transparency in the
processes and protect consumers. Big data can be very useful in fields of
agriculture especially in India. 8Self-driven vehicles
can already drive themselves across fields using Global Positioning System
(GPS) signals accurate to less than inch of error thus helping farmers plant
more accurately, but the real potential is what happens when this data from
thousands of tractors on thousands of farms is collected, grouped and analysed
in real time. Precision agriculture aids farmers in tailored and effective
water management, helping in production, improving economic efficiency and
minimising waste and environmental impact. 9Recent progress in Big Data and
advanced analytics capabilities and agri-robotics such as aerial imagery,
sensors, and sophisticated local weather forecasts can truly transform the
agri-scape and thus holds promise for increasing global agricultural productivity
over the next few decades. The following bar chart shows in which aspects the
big data can be useful.5Right
information can be given to the farmers as they need accurate results regarding
weather forecasts and on the inputs they use. Optimising factors such as
nutrients, irrigation and pest control can help them protect the environment.
The use of granular data and analytical capability to integrate various sources
of information will help increase the productivity and lowers the cost. In India,
climate change and weather are irregular and hence big data’s information can
help the farmers to make right choice at the right time. Big data can be of big
use as it not only records the information about the soil, plants, pH values
etc. but also it can be of use for marketing the yield.

  

IV. FINETECH PLATFORMS:

As
most of the Indian population is in agriculture but ironically they are the
one’s always in trouble. 6Whenever a crisis hits, farmers are the one with
suicides and debt cases. There is a boom of Finetech platforms in India now as
well. The new startups now see an opportunity in agricultural sectors as well.
Finetech platforms were focusing on urban areas more than primary sectors but
now it has changed. 10Farmers now can be helped in different ways via these
platforms :

1.       
Instant
loans for farmers – Since long, farmers were always dependent on the middlemen
or money lenders. After the demonetization, there was a shortage of cash in the
country and hence, no cash for the farmers as well. With no existence of
middlemen and the non- cooperation from banks, farmers are not able to go
anywhere. This Finetech platforms provide farmers with help to borrow from them
during such issues.

2.       
No
middlemen – Whenever a farmer needed to sell its produce they usually rely on
the middlemen and middlemen in turn dupe farmers. This is a problem as well as
middlemen most of the time sell them at low prices. Catalyst labs, BigHaat that
works on direct contact with the buyers. Farmers are now able to directly negotiate
with the buyers.

3.       
Pay
as per use – Farmers are not able to buy equipments as they are expensive and
also because of financial problems. Coming to the rescue, now there are
pay-per-use rent models which helps the farmers to use the equipment without buying
it and can get them at affordable rates. EMI3 Agri is one startup which
provides such services.

4.       
Crop
Insurance – Crops can be destroyed due to natural calamities and also wastage
of crops can happen due to scarcity of water, climatic changes etc. InsurTech,
Mobbisurance and many more startups are increasing  which gives farmers affordable insurance to
farmers while using satelite technology to insure them against weather risks.
Farmers also are able to check in their phones regarding their insurances.