All Saints’ Church is located in the lower area of the Quayside in Newcastle Upon Tyne, the 18th Centaury styled church is built upon the original medieval church that once laid there known as the All Hallows or All Saints’. The All Saints’ Church currently stands as one of three of tallest religious buildings in Newcastle Upon Tyne as well as being one of the four primary parish churches of the city1. The actual time of the erection of the church is unknown, however, it is said that the building (Old Church) “existed previous to the year 1286″2 and later taken down and built up again as the New Church in 1796. Although the church has fallen into disrepair over the years due to natural causes, it is still in use to this day-mostly for a public event such as tours and musical proceedings and often being used as offices. The Old Church (All Hallows or All Saints) (1286) was the first church on site, the church obtained the name from Pilgrim Street –a road where “numerous devotees passed to visit the Holy Well at Jesmond”3 so it was only fitting to relate the name to where religious men passed by. The church is said to have a very gothic characteristic. This was very common for the 11th/12th-century churches since this is when the style emerged from France approximately in the year 1140. The movement reached its climax from four areas of Paris: Amien, Beauvais, Reims and Bourges with buildings such as cathedrals and churches4, each focusing on the characteristics of pointed arches, rib vaults, buttresses and window tracery5. After a while, this style moved into England where it was adopted by cathedrals such as the Salisbury Cathedral and also the Old Church. Some of its characteristics include the large Gothic stained windows6 which were separated by stone mullions which branched into Gothic compartments at the top. There were also Gothic arches that were supported by pillars7. The chancel of the church (main body) showed of these attributes with vault, the vault had a square figure which was supported by the pillars of eight stone arches8. These features of The Old Church had great Religious importance, for example, the use of the high vaults were often made as a tribute to God into the heavens and was of great importance to the community when bringing the congregation together in the chancel. The chancel had panelling that had ornaments and lettering9 to remind the people of the religion. As well as this, the large Gothic windows were stained illustrating stories from the Bible, this let the lower class who were illiterate to learn the Bible whilst listening to the sermon in Latin. It can be said that the Stained windows upheld
1 Sedgwick, Take a Look Inside All Saints Church, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1.
2 Sopwhith, A Historical and Descriptive Account of All Saints’ Church in Newcastle Upon Tyne, 3.
4 Kostof, A History of Architecture Settings and Rituals, 341.
5 Vam.ac.uk,. Gothic Architecture – Victoria and Albert Museum, 1.
6 Mackenzie, Historical Account of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne Including the Borough of Gateshead, 292-302.
7 Sopwhith, A Historical and Descriptive Account of All Saints’ Church in Newcastle Upon Tyne, 42, 43, 44.
8 Sopwhith, A Historical and Descriptive Account of All Saints’ Church in Newcastle Upon Tyne, 28.