Although there are limitations to his theory as they
do not include key factors such as religious views, culture, and gender, that
influence individuals moral development, his research contributed extensively by
laying the foundation of discussion. As his views may be considered partial in
a few aspects, Kolhberg’s theory is a basis for everyone to better understand
what kind of moral changes that they’re going through.  I found his theories on moral development to
be important in discovering how individuals come to conclusions about difficult
scenarios as understanding how people think by observing how they come up with
a solution is important. All stages can be applied in an individual’s life.

 

Although
I am a woman and his theories did not include my gender, I think I would
currently be in Kohlberg’s conventional level, stage three. I like to consider
myself as member of society who lives up to my responsibilities as a good
citizen, who also works very hard to contribute to my household and the
American economy. I also abide by all laws nor have I gotten into any trouble
with the law. As the chapter states, “the individual performs conventionally
determined good behavior to be considered a good person”. (Pollock, 2017, p.93)
I like to think of myself in this aspect of being a good person. Also, it is very
important to me that I am conscious of my behavior so that I do not “hurt
others’ feelings or be thought of as bad” person. (Pollock, 2017, p.93) As I identify
with this stage, interpersonal relationships are also important to maintain by
having good behavior and being respectful to others.  

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Kohlberg’s research appeared
to be basic and biased as it consisted only of male participants and not women.
Despite that fact, I think his theories have served as a guideline which helps
adults who interact with children and young adults such as myself, understand
how they develop according to his various stages. Parents can benefit from this
theory as they all should aspire for their children to grow up
to be people with integrity and high moral standards. The stages that he
formulated can be beneficial when understanding children as they grow and have social experiences that promote
their development by stimulating their way of thinking. His theories even
served as a foundation for others to add more variables to their study. Even Carol Gilligan questioned his findings but
with his influence she was able to recreate her on scale that
incorporated men and women and how both could reach advanced stages of
moral development.

Lawrence Kohlberg was known for his research on moral
development in children. His theories
were an extension to the research of Jean Piaget and his stages of cognitive
development. Through his research, Kohlberg observed that growing
children advance through different stages of moral development. Each stage
involves varying ways one may see the world. (Pollack, 2017, p. 92) His research
consisted of him interviewing male children and adolescents, presenting them
with dilemmas. According to his observations of both children and adults,
cognitive and moral development work together as “one must grow intellectually
in order to achieve higher moral stage” (Pollack, 2018, p. 92) He also believed
that most moral development occurs through social interaction. Kohlberg revealed
that people advanced in their moral reasoning or ethical behavior through a series
of stages. Kohlberg’s three moral levels of reasoning consist of two stages in
each level. The first in Kohlberg’s theory is the pre-conventional level and a
person handles their issue through motivation relating to their own personal
interest. Their primary concern is the consequence of that action. The second
level is the conventional level, in which people see themselves as members of
society and living up to particular responsibilities is important and believing
oneself to be good. The
post-conventional level is the last level in Kohlberg’s stages. In these final
stages an individual has surpassed the customs and laws of a society to
determine the universal good for all societies.