Anders Behring Breivik Anders Behring Breivik, born in Oslo, Norway on February 13th, 1979, came from a broken home. His father, Jens Breivik, worked as a diplomat for the Royal Norwegian Embassy, and his mother, Wenche Behrin, worked as a nurse.
The Breivik family lived in London together until his parents divorced in 1980. Anders was only year old at the time. Anders lived with his mother and half-sister on the west side of Oslo and frequently went to visit his father and his new stepmother in France. Jens and Wenche went through an ordeal of custody battles where he and his new wife fought to take him from his mother to raise him in Paris.They were never successful, and Anders was raised almost entirely by his mom.
He grew up with his mother, who remarried a Norwegian Army Officer when Anders was 12, in an affluent area on the West End of Oslo. In junior high school he was seen as a typical boy. A former classmate has described, “He was an alert but unremarkable boy at school. He was somebody who went along with the others. He wasn’t an outsider and he didn’t appear to have problems”. Others have stated that he was a good student and often tried sticking up for those who were bullied. At the age of 15 he choose to be confirmed into the Lutheran Church of Norway.
Around this age he started becoming more rebellious. Him and a group of friends began partaking in graffiti, also know as “tagging”, around the city of Oslo. In 1995 at age 16, he was caught tagging and when his father found out he ended all contact with him. In his later teens he gained interest in weight training and started using anabolic steroids.
He was rather insecure about his appearance and according to some of his friends, in his earlier 20’s he had cosmetic surgery done in the chin, nose, and forehead, although this claim has not been validated yet.At age 20 he became a member of Norway’s largest far-right group, Fremskrittspartiet (The Progressive Party), which he became chairman of in his local party. In 2007 his association with the party ended after failing to pay his membership fees . He took online courses in small business management in his later teens and early twenties, and it reported to have taken the non-formal equivalent to about seven years at university level. He has had a couple of attempts at creating home businesses, one of which was a farming company under the name “Breivik Geofarm” to cultivate vegatables, melons, and other produce.It was though this self-made company he was able to obtain large amounts of artificial fertilizers and other chemicals for the manufacturing of explosives.
Day of Attack On July 22nd at about 2:30pm, the centre of Oslo is rocked by an explosion near the government’s headquarters and panic is throughout the city. Those around the scene and who live near the area are told to evacuate. Breivik had placed a bomb in a Volkswagen Crafter near the office of Prim Minister Jens Stoltenberg, who was not in the office at the time.
Breivik was later seen on surveillance cameras walking away from the parked car with a gun.The shock waves blew out all the windows on the building as well on surrounding buildings. The surrounding area was taped off and police began conducting searches in cars that were headed to the Oslo airport.
As word spread about the bombing, Breivik changed his clothes into a police uniform he bought online and took a taxi to board a ferry to the island of Utoya, which was about 25 miles northwest of Oslo. On the island the annual Norwegian Labour Party’s summer camp was taking place, which was attended by about 600 teenagers.Once arriving on the island, he presented himself at a police officer making a routine check on the security of the island following the bombing that had just taken place. Walking into the camp, he called out to those around him, gathering them as if he were going to make a statement to them about the events that had just taken place. He then pulled out his weapons from his bag and began indiscriminately opening fire. He started off shooting people on the island and later began shooting those who attempted swimming to safety and also those he found pretending to play dead.The shootings were reported to have lasted about an hour and a half. It has been reported that the shooter used hollow-point, which increased tissue damage in its victims.
Peter Svaar, a Norwegian broadcaster NRK was one of the first reporters to arrive after the Oslo bombing, and a former classmate of Breivik, explains how he had “toyed with them, telling them they were safe, urging them to come closer, before he shot them dead, point blank, with a machine gun” . 18-year-old Emma Martinovic, a survivor on Utoya, has written her account of that tragic day on her blog.In her description she has said, “It looked as if he was aiming at us. Poff! One of the other swimmers was shot, I saw the blood stream out, so I started to swim even faster. Then I turned back again and saw he was aiming at those who still hadn’t started swimming from land yet. ” Police arrived on the island and Breivik initially hesitated but only momentarily, and then choose to lay down his weapons and surrendered. The Oslo bombing is reported to have killed 8 and injured 30, and the Utoya shooting is reported to have killed 69 and injured 66.
Motives and Possible PreventionBreivik has confessed the purpose was to save Norway and Western Europe from domination of Muslims and that the Labour Party had to pay the price for letting down their country and it’s people. Breivik attacks multiculturalism and the ‘threat’ of Muslim immigration to Norway, as well as Marxism and the Norwegian Labor party. He copied large parts of the Unabomber manifesto and has written that he’s a “savior of Christianity”.
It has been stated that he was a fan of online gaming and on the European World of Warcraft forums and active on anti Muslim websites. “I have never felt the kind of rage or hate he must have had inside him.I still cannot understand the source of all that hate. Most people think of him now as a monster. I still remember his smile and his jokes. ” It seems as though the majority of people who were friends with Breivik were unaware of this radical ideology. He was associated with online groups and a few other people who had similar beliefs, but from the information that’s been reported thus far, no one thought he would become a murderer.
The taxi driver who drove him to Tyrifjorden to catch his ferry recalls, “There was nothing suspicious about him at all. He seemed just like any easy-going cop.He told me he was just going to check the security on the island because of the bomb blast in Oslo that we were hearing about on the car radio” . John Perran, head of FBI’s Washington Field Office, has said, “It could be anyone.
It could be the guy next door, living in the basement of his mother’s place, on the Internet just building himself up with hate, building himself up to a boiling point and finally using what he’s learned. ” Peter Svaar continues in his recollection of Breivik saying, “Unfortunately, I do not think he is crazy… Rather, he is cold, intelligent and calculating… He was one of us. Aftermath In response to the massacre, Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg has stated, “We are a small country, but we are a proud people and we will stand by what we have. Our response is more democracy, more openness and more humanity” . Breivik will be indicted on terrorism charges. He has admitted to being the gunman at Utoya and the perpetrator of the Oslo bombing but has pleaded not guilt stating, “I do not recognize this justice system”.
He was ordered detention for eight weeks without mail or visitation rights and spent the first four weeks in complete isolation.He was transferred to a maximum security prison immediately following those eight weeks. The final charges and indictment is not said to be ready until at least the end of the year 2011 and should start the trial sometime in 2012. As far Breivik’s contact with his family, his father has made numerous statements about not wanting any communication with his son, “I will never have more contact with him. In my darkest moments I think that rather than killing all those people, he should have taken his own life” . Bibliography Breivik, Jens David.Jens David Breivik, Father of Anders Behring Breivil, Says He Wishes Son Committed Suicide The Huffington Post, (2011 ??? 25-July).
Combs, Cindy C. Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. Pearson, 2006. Martinovic, Emma. MSNBC.
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Paterson, Tony, and Jerome Taylor. The Independent. 2011 ??? 28-July. http://www. independent. co. uk/news/world/europe/what-turned-anders-breivik-into-norways-worst-nightmare-2327214.
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