Mental or psychological disorders are becoming very important special concerns of the world community. Statistical data about the handicaps abound. No less than three global leaders in the health, finance and academic sectors are involved in a study for the assessment and evaluation of these unique dynamics of the mind. This is in reference to the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank and the Harvard University having developed an analysis of mental illness in connection with its burden on health and productivity.
In this paper, particular focus is on the so-called borderline intellectual disability or retardation and the surrounding circumstances connected to it. Borderline Intellectual Disability Prefatory Limitations in mental capacity have to be properly addressed for apparently valid reasons. These restrictions or constraints of the mind affect the health and, subsequently, the economic productivity of the sufferer. The study undertaken by the WHO, World Bank and Harvard entitled Global Burden of Disease has sent serious alarms saying, among others, that the mental ailment toll is worse than that caused by all cancers.
(The Impact of Mental Illness on Society. Statistics. National Institute of Mental Health. [internet]) ) The specific genre of the mental diagnosis under consideration is the one pertaining to borderline mental retardation. Research data and information Mental retardation is experienced by about three percent of the population. In the United States alone, there are an estimated seven million people suffering from mental retardation which starts at a young age or before one becomes eighteen years old.
Usually, the predicament continues in adult life through and through. Generally, mental retardation or intellectual disability is measured by how low is the level of intelligence of the retarded person. Common in retarded individuals is their delay in acquiring and developing talking, walking and other basic skills compared to the ordinary person. Other symptoms of mental retardation are the difficulty to get along socially with people and the failure to perform academically. (Martin, Paula Anne Ford. Mental retardation. Answers. com. [internet]).
The former hindrance has social implications while the latter pertains to fundamental intelligence characteristics. There are several categories of intellectual disabilities which depend on how severely retarded is the person of his mental prowess or intelligence. Thus, mentally retarded persons are classified according to seriousness into profound or with intelligence quotient (IQ) of below 20, severe or with 20-34 IQ, moderate or with 35-49 IQ, mild or with 50 to 69 IQ, and borderline intellectual functioning, with 70 to 79 IQ. (Mental retardation. Wikipedia.
[internet]), In the study of Paula Anne Ford Martin, the population is broken down into 85% for mild cases, 10% for moderate, 3% for severe and 2%. for profound cases, as though those belonging to the borderline level are not considered as mentally retarded. In view of public knowledge of the fact that many or most mental retardation cases, especially the mild ones, are not diagnosed, the causes or etiologies of the intelligence deficiency among the persons involved could not be known. This is the precise reason why methods of prevention cannot be formulated.
Any efforts to so prevent or to come up with ways to prevent are supposed to first determine the cause or etiology of the ailment. Absent any information as to cause or etiology, attempts to prevent will be rendered nil. The point here is that those harboring or caring for or having custody of people with the mental predicament must see to it that the cause or etiology for the specific patient must be made known to the healthcare provider having charge so that preventive measures can be initiated and implemented.
(Goldfarb, Donald L. and Frankel, Ana E.. Intellectual disability etiologies and associated psychiatric disorders. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities. January 1, 2007. Highbeam Research [internet]). There are suggestions though that causes include genetics or hereditary factors, traumatic experiences or break-down in emotions and other like causes.