Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and can occur at any age.
An awareness of symptoms is critical for detecting the disease as early as possible, especially in women who haven’t yet reached the age at which they have regular mammograms. The early intervention offers the best possible opportunity for finding a breast cancer while it is still small and confined to the breast. Early stage breast cancers oft times require less aggressive treatments and have the most favorable outcomes. No woman wants to think she can get breast cancer. In addition to the fears that accompany a diagnosis of any cancer, breast cancer carries the added anxiety of changes in body image. We have to educate the women in some topics that they need to know about how to be awareness of symptoms and how are the procedure in each case The first step for a woman detect breast cancer is self-examination, this is the first action and its very important that they can learn from a doctor, nurse or another health professional, or can get the information online, this technique must do it every month 1 week after finishing the metro period. Second step is all women between 21 and 39 should be seen by a professional in clinic every 3 year for clinical breast exam After 40 have a breast exam every year The third step is screening mammogram for woman above 40 years, this screening it should be done every year Another exam that can help and sometimes is added to mammogram is Breast ultrasound, when its suspect cyst and we need to find out the specific area for biopsy is very helpful. The MRI sometimes we need to use but is not to recommended in case the woman that has some biopsy because the area is very sensitive, but this study is helpful when the mammogram and ultrasound cant be very clear in diagnoses and we need to see both breast at the same time.
Perhaps the most recognized symptom of breast cancer is a lump or mass in the breast tissue. While many women go to their doctor after finding a lump, they should also be aware of any other changes to the breast or nipple. We need to explain, promote, educate and prevention the breast cancer in a group of women in a community, in group conversation, interviews and they need to know about the principal symptoms of breast cancer and a risk factors Principal symptoms:Skin changes, such as swelling, redness, or other visible differences in one or both breastsAn increase in size or change in shape of the breast(s)Changes in the appearance of one or both nipplesNipple discharge other than breast milkGeneral pain in/on any part of the breastLumps or nodes felt on or inside of the breast Knowing the risk factors for breast cancer may help you take preventative measures to reduce the likelihood of developing the disease. GeneralAging: On average, women over 60 are more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer..Gender:Although nearly 2,000 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer each year, breast cancer is 100 times more common in women.
The National Cancer Institute estimates that over 190,000 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer annually. GeneticsFamily history:Having a family history of breast cancer, particularly women with a mother, sister or daughter who has or had breast cancer, may double the risk.Inherited factors: Some inherited genetic mutationsmay increase your breast cancer risks. Mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are the most common inherited causes. BODYObesity: After menopause, fat tissue may contribute to increases in estrogen levels, and high levels of estrogen may increase the risk of breast cancer.Not having children: Women who have had no children, or who were pregnant later in life (over age 35) may have a greater chance of developing breast cancer. Breast-feeding may help to lower your breast cancer risks.High breast density:Women with less fatty tissue and more glandular and fibrous tissue may be at higher risk for developing breast cancer than women with less dense breasts.
Certain breast changes:Certain benign (noncancerous) breast conditions may increase breast cancer risk.Menstrual history: Women who start menstruation at an early age (before age 12) and/or menopause at an older age (after age 55) have a slightly higher risk of breast cancer. The increase in risk may be due to a longer lifetime exposure to the hormones estrogen and progesterone. LifestyleA sedentary lifestyle:Physical activity in the form of regular exercise for four to seven hours a week may help to reduce breast cancer risk.
Heavy drinking: The use of alcohol is linked to an increased risk of developing breast cancer. The risk increases with the amount of alcohol consumed. Risk Factors that Can ControlPregnancy – The age a woman is during her first pregnancy is correlated with the risk of breast cancer.Breastfeeding – Breastfeeding appears to lower breast cancer risk.Hormone replacement therapy – Some forms of hormone replacement therapy may increase riskAlcoholSmokingDietExerciseWeight