Britain was the leader of the industrial revolution in the 17th century while the rest of the modern world was struggling to catch up. The industrial revolution was made possible due to the many changes and innovations in the agricultural industry. The Agricultural Revolution did away with the old medieval communal method of farming, privatized the land, and introduced scientific breeding and farming techniques which increased the agricultural production significantly. These new processes created a decline in both the intensity of the work and the number of agricultural laborers needed. At the beginning of the agricultural revolution farm people chose to migrate to the city to work industrial jobs. Also the increased food supply resulted in an unprecedented population increase, thus providing more able workers for the industrial labor force.Other contributing factors were that Britain had large amounts of iron and coal, which were necessary for industrialization. Also, Britain was a politically stable country, as well as the world’s leading colonial power, which meant that its colonies could provide raw materials, as well as a marketplace for the manufactured goods. The iron and textile industries, along with the development of the steam engine, played central roles in the industrial revolution, which also saw improved transportation, communication and banking systems. As demand for British goods increased, merchants needed more cost-efficient methods of production, which led to the rise of mechanization and factory system. Mechanized agriculture is using machinery and thus reducing manual labor and improving production. The factory system is a capitalist form of production whereby the owner provides all machinery, buildings, management and administration, raw materials, and is responsible for the sale of all production as well as any resulting loses. The growth of industrialization was due to the ability to transport materials over long distances efficiently. There were three main ways to transport goods: waterways, roads, and railroads. At that time, transportation by water was the cheapest way to move heavy products such as coal and iron. This was to the abundance of the waterways in Britain and their close proximity to coal and iron mines.. Also, Britain has a coastline that made transportation by sea easier. Scottish engineer John McAdam developed a new process for road construction. His invention called the “macadam” allowed roads to be built that were much smoother than thier counterparts and were less muddy.Communication became more accessible with the creation of the telegraph in 1791. This lead to an increase in product shipment and arrival times along with more efficient time management in trade.