How did the need for a steady supply of water affect the technological, economic, political and, legal development of ancient society? #1 The technological development brought both negative and positive consequences to the developing civilizations. In Source A, it shows a map of the major ancient irrigation ditches between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. As you can see, the extent of the system reveals that’s the Mesopotamia technology was very complex and required serious cooperation among political parties which did not help all of the people in all actions.
However, in Source H, it states that through building a 100 mile canal, rich silt-bearing water was led through it to irrigate more than 667,000 acres of alkali land and also the harvests were overflowing. That meant the Chin state was becoming rich and powerful. The technology that was developed by hydraulic engineer Change Quo was extremely Important to the technology In the ancient China. In Sources C-F there are pictures of different water lifts used In the ancient times.
It shows that some of the lifts needed assistance and some TLD. Also that the lifts were implicated and complex to make, but when you make It, It Is simple and easy to control and provided lots of water. #as a result of the great need for water, workers in ancient societies was very engaged in building water systems which farmers benefited from and trade was improved. According to Situations, in the ancient Roman society, 30,000 men worked for eleven years to build a drainage canal. That was mentioned in Source I.
It isn’t quite clear if this work was what the 30,000 laborers wanted to do, or if they were forced to do this work for the Roman emperor. In the Chinese civilization, the work of building water systems “constantly exhausted” the people who couldn’t pursue their own livelihood. Jell Rang says that the workers were actually “conscript laborers” so the people did not exactly volunteer to do this hard work; they were forced by the government to build water systems as a result of the constant demand for water.
In Dalton to having thousands of workers build these huge and complicated water systems, the economy was positively affected due to the increased productivity for farmers. In China, irrigation caused farmer’s fields to e more fertile because of the spread of silt and was able to “create profit” for these farmers. That was mentioned in Section L. In Source J it says that the economic impacts were that it expanded the irrigated land and benefited the people and had surplus of stores.
It was hard for the people but in the end it benefited things. #Nan organized governmental structure is important to accomplish a safe and civilized society to take care of the technological developments and manage its economic problems. In Source A, It explains how the size of the levees system made the lattice system quite complex and would have required serious cooperation on many levels of government. Source B shows a picture of an early Egyptian King cutting an Irrigation ditch drawn from a mace-head carving.
The figure In the center was the King. I Delve ten Klan was not expected to Log ten Letches out en wanted to snow en was a team player and to show his people he cared. This shows the political figure was not selfish and wanted to help the people and improve their living environment. In Source K the government has tried to control problems involving the water system. On the river of Summing, there are banks by it that the fields of rich soil which make the bank less firm and there was damage even without bad weather conditions.
The government built a cleaning basin where the water would settle and be purified between the river and conduit. That helped a little but the unclean water was still reaching the city. So the government is important because they can help make things safe in society. #4 Legal issues and concerns have developed regarding the maintenance of the water systems so there was need for laws to help keep the publics property safe. In Source G, it has sections from the Code of Hamburg offering to irrigation.
These laws were enforced very strictly to keep the systems working and to make the land more peaceful. For example it states, “If a man has stolen a watering-machine from the meadow, he shall pay five shekels of silver to the owner of the watering-machine” which means you have to pay back what you stole. These laws are relatable to rules that we have now in today’s society. Another law talks about the distribution of water to the people, and shows who gets it were included as well to how the usage of water was organized. The water laws were strict in Mesopotamia to help keep things running and smooth.