Civil wars are fought by different groups within the same country and are often characterized by greater bitterness than national wars. The consequences that come from these wars are sometimes greater – the wounds take longer to heal, and the families and communities are often divided. The two civil wars that we would be discussing on are the Spanish and Chinese Civil War where they would be compared and contrast on the importance of their ideologies presented that caused the war.Ideology is the belief system governing views on social, economic and political life. The Spanish Civil War came about as a result of an attempted military coup (takeover) against the elected government of the Second Spanish Republic. What sparked the revolt was the creation of a coalition government of the left-wing parties called the Popular Front in 1936 due to the concern of a communist-influenced republic that would destroy traditional Spain. The war itself is viewed on as an ideological war since it was contrasted by two perspectives of liberalism, socialism and communism on one side while the other were conservatism, traditionalism and fascism. These aspects were arising conflicts within the country where Spain was caught in a crisis of identity and purpose. The Chinese Civil War was characterised by a struggle between two charismatic figures – the nationalist Jiang Jieshi and the communist Mao Zedong – both of whom were complex and deeply flawed figures with vastly different visions for the future of their country. Along with these two political figures came political parties of the CCP and GMD that essentially fought who was going to unify China and solve its problems according to their respective ideology. The CCP adapt to the objective to communism aims creating an equal classless society, adopting Soviet communism to CHinese conditions, revolutionizing Chinese society, replacing traditional Chinese values with CCP values, and abolishing foreign influence, especially western influence. On the other hand, the KMT maintain three main principles of nationalism (taking away foreign influence), people’s democracy (establish a democratic state), and people’ livelihood (establishing socialism where the poor could benefit). Overall in both Spanish and Chinese Civil War, they had similar ideology as conflicting opponents on each end of the war that had an idea to their own respective belief concerning the future of their country.