Communicationis at the center of every aspect of human interaction.
It is the transfer of meaningfrom one person or group to another (TGem1 Horgan, 2013). em2 The key aspects in communicationinclude a source, a medium and a receiving end of a message without losing itsintegrity through this dissemination process. Verbal and non-verbalperspectives in communication form the two basic classification in the subjectof communication. Thiscategorization of communication as either verbal or nonverbal is in turnsubdivided into either vocal or nonvocal. em3 em4 Verbalcommunication is the form of communication that mostly takes place betweenpeople.
em5 It is based on use of language. Verbalcommunication of the vocal category includes spoken language. Through thiscategory, an audible message is generated and its reception is done on thehuman ear.
Nonvocal verbal communication, on the other hand, involves writtencommunication.Apart from written, other forms of nonvocal verbal communication include,messages transmitted through sign language, finger spelling, Braille, or othersimilar alternatives to verbal languageem6 (JNMartin, 2015).em7 Non-verbalcommunication is the other form of communication that highly compliments verbalcommunication. It includes an aspect of called paralanguage that refers to arange of nonlinguistic elements of speech, such as gestures, facial expressionsand the use of time and space. However, a stricter categorization of this formof communication, commonly sub-divides it into several specific categories.em8 Thefirst is the use of body language, which deals with physical movements e.g. theface, hands and arms.
The commonly used body language include facialexpressions, posture in standing and sitting as well as with the eye. Facialexpressions include arching of eyebrows or rolling of the eyes. These can be intandem with verbal cues or independently. Anotherway people communicate non-verbally is through haptics.
Haptics has touching asa way of communication. The intensity and frequency of touch determines themessage being conveyed in this manner. It includes embraces, hand folding andtapping among others. Thirdly, is the use of vocalics, which may also bereferred to as paralanguage. It dealswith vocal cues.
These are the non-phonemic qualities of language (Chira, D,2014). They include pitch, cadence, nasality and tone among others. Vocalicscan also sometimes be subdivided into vocal characterizers, qualifiers andsegregates. Vocal characterizers include yawning and laughing while vocalqualifiers entails tempo, pitch and volume. Vocal segregates are sounds such as (mmh, oooo, ehe) whose deducedmeanings may differ from one culture to the other, context or age groupings.Verbalcues are at the basic of my day-to-day communication.
However, this mostlyhappens in tandem with many non-verbal cues either consciously orunconsciously. Some of the ways in which this happens include the use of handgestures when doing verbal descriptions or in general public speaking. Thisusually is useful in posting my target picture in the mind of my audience. Thesecond is my use of vocalics. An example is laughing in response to a funnyoccurrence. Thirdly,my mostly used non-verbal cues are facial default body languages (Burgoon,J.K., 2016).
These could mostly be unconscious indicating my happy or sad moodsfor instance. Other ways in which I communicate via body languages consciouslymay be through eye signals e.g. eye rolling (indicating imminent doubt) and nodding(indicating affirmation). Other ways in which non-verbal cues come in handyinclude use of body postures to send different messages. This may include araised right hand for instance to indicate that I am in for a particular cause.Another body posture may include a pointed first finger to indicate show ofdirection to a particular place. Knowledgeof non-verbal communication is quite critical in ensuring effectivecommunication.
This is because of several reasons. First, non-verbal cues createimpressions, which are beyond the verbal element. Non-verbal cues also repeatand reinforce what is communicated verbally. The emotional aspect ofcommunication can only be well articulated through then use of non-verbal cues.
Communication, which is done both verbally and non-verbally, proves to possessmore power of persuasion and thus more effective. Mostly, it is not what wesay, but how we say it that matters the most. Our feelings and attitudes thataccompany our words can convey anger, disappointment, confidence, sarcasm orcontentment.Thereare aspects in my communication skills that are way above the board. This includeactive listening and use of some non-verbal cues in public and one-on-onespeaking. In the use of vocalics and body language that helps me communicateeffectively by painting a picture to my audience and enabling them capture aclearer and a more descriptive message than it would have been by use of verbalcues only. However, there are some aspects in my communication skills which Iwould improve on.
This may include among others, putting on the right facialexpression to match a particular mood of a message. Verbaland non-verbal cues are at the core of human interactions for effective living,for good business practices and for building strong relationships. REFERENCES.em9 Knapp,M.L.
, Vangelisti, A.L., & Caughlin, J.
P. (2014). Interpersonalcommunication and human relationships.
Pearson Higher Ed. Alberts, J.K., Nakayama, T.K.,& Martin, J.N.
(2015). Human communication in Society. Pearson.Chira, D.
(2014). NON-VERBALCOMMUNICATION. CONSTRUCTIONS OF IDENTITY em10 (VII),67.
Burgoon, J.K., Guerrero, L.K.,& Floyd, K. (2016).
Nonverbal Communication. Routledge.em11 em1Don’tinclude initials…To learn more about intet citations google to purdue owl em2Nointext citations in paragraph one em3Thefirst paragraph of any essay must be general information about the topic ..Itsintroduction paragraph em4Thelast sentence of the first paragraph must be a thesis statement…A sentence thattells us what the rest of the paper is about em5Good-Every paragraph must begin with a topic sentence a sentence that tells us whatthe rest of the paragraph is about em6Thelast sentence of a paragraph must be a conclusion sentence, a sentence thatsums up what you have talked about.. Each paragraph must handle a distinctidea,, don’t do two ideas in one paragraph em7Intextcitations should never appear at the end of a paragraph—They should be somewhereat the middle , they just help you explain something em8Noparagaraphs should exist without intext citations, because it shows all theinformation in that paragraph is your own story/knowledge em9Thisshould not be capitalized..and should be somewhere at the centre, referencesmust always be on their own page…only Letter R should be capitalized em10Don’tcapitalize this em11Referencesmust be arranged alphabetically using firs or second letters of each entry