is at the center of every aspect of human interaction. It is the transfer of meaning
from one person or group to another (TGem1 
Horgan, 2013). em2 The key aspects in communication
include a source, a medium and a receiving end of a message without losing its
integrity through this dissemination process. Verbal and non-verbal
perspectives in communication form the two basic classification in the subject
of communication. This
categorization of communication as either verbal or nonverbal is in turn
subdivided into either vocal or nonvocal. em3 em4 

communication is the form of communication that mostly takes place between
It is based on use of language.   Verbal
communication of the vocal category includes spoken language. Through this
category, an audible message is generated and its reception is done on the
human ear. Nonvocal verbal communication, on the other hand, involves written
Apart from written, other forms of nonvocal verbal communication include,
messages transmitted through sign language, finger spelling, Braille, or other
similar alternatives to verbal languageem6 
Martin, 2015).em7 

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communication is the other form of communication that highly compliments verbal
communication. It includes an aspect of called paralanguage that refers to a
range of nonlinguistic elements of speech, such as gestures, facial expressions
and the use of time and space. However, a stricter categorization of this form
of communication, commonly sub-divides it into several specific categories.em8 

first is the use of body language, which deals with physical movements e.g. the
face, hands and arms. The commonly used body language include facial
expressions, posture in standing and sitting as well as with the eye. Facial
expressions include arching of eyebrows or rolling of the eyes. These can be in
tandem with verbal cues or independently.


way people communicate non-verbally is through haptics. Haptics has touching as
a way of communication. The intensity and frequency of touch determines the
message being conveyed in this manner. It includes embraces, hand folding and
tapping among others. Thirdly, is the use of vocalics, which may also be
referred to as paralanguage.  It deals
with vocal cues. These are the non-phonemic qualities of language (Chira, D,
2014). They include pitch, cadence, nasality and tone among others. Vocalics
can also sometimes be subdivided into vocal characterizers, qualifiers and
segregates. Vocal characterizers include yawning and laughing while vocal
qualifiers entails tempo, pitch and volume. 
Vocal segregates are sounds such as (mmh, oooo, ehe) whose deduced
meanings may differ from one culture to the other, context or age groupings.

cues are at the basic of my day-to-day communication. However, this mostly
happens in tandem with many non-verbal cues either consciously or
unconsciously. Some of the ways in which this happens include the use of hand
gestures when doing verbal descriptions or in general public speaking. This
usually is useful in posting my target picture in the mind of my audience. The
second is my use of vocalics. An example is laughing in response to a funny

my mostly used non-verbal cues are facial default body languages (Burgoon,
J.K., 2016).These could mostly be unconscious indicating my happy or sad moods
for instance. Other ways in which I communicate via body languages consciously
may be through eye signals e.g. eye rolling (indicating imminent doubt) and nodding
(indicating affirmation). Other ways in which non-verbal cues come in handy
include use of body postures to send different messages. This may include a
raised right hand for instance to indicate that I am in for a particular cause.
Another body posture may include a pointed first finger to indicate show of
direction to a particular place.

of non-verbal communication is quite critical in ensuring effective
communication. This is because of several reasons. First, non-verbal cues create
impressions, which are beyond the verbal element. Non-verbal cues also repeat
and reinforce what is communicated verbally. The emotional aspect of
communication can only be well articulated through then use of non-verbal cues.
Communication, which is done both verbally and non-verbally, proves to possess
more power of persuasion and thus more effective. Mostly, it is not what we
say, but how we say it that matters the most. Our feelings and attitudes that
accompany our words can convey anger, disappointment, confidence, sarcasm or

are aspects in my communication skills that are way above the board. This include
active listening and use of some non-verbal cues in public and one-on-one
speaking. In the use of vocalics and body language that helps me communicate
effectively by painting a picture to my audience and enabling them capture a
clearer and a more descriptive message than it would have been by use of verbal
cues only. However, there are some aspects in my communication skills which I
would improve on. This may include among others, putting on the right facial
expression to match a particular mood of a message.

and non-verbal cues are at the core of human interactions for effective living,
for good business practices and for building strong relationships.



M.L., Vangelisti, A.L., & Caughlin, J.P. (2014). Interpersonal
communication and human relationships. Pearson Higher Ed.

Alberts, J.K., Nakayama, T.K.,
& Martin, J.N. (2015). Human communication in Society. Pearson.

Chira, D. (2014). NON-VERBAL

Burgoon, J.K., Guerrero, L.K.,
& Floyd, K. (2016). Nonverbal Communication. Routledge.em11 

include initials…To learn more about intet citations google to purdue owl

intext citations in paragraph one

first paragraph of any essay must be general information about the topic ..Its
introduction paragraph

last sentence of the first paragraph must be a thesis statement…A sentence that
tells us what the rest of the paper is about

Every paragraph must begin with a topic sentence a sentence that tells us what
the rest of the paragraph is about

last sentence of a paragraph must be a conclusion sentence, a sentence that
sums up what you have talked about.. Each paragraph must handle a distinct
idea,, don’t do two ideas in one paragraph

citations should never appear at the end of a paragraph—They should be somewhere
at the middle , they just help you explain something

paragaraphs should exist without intext citations, because it shows all the
information in that paragraph is your own story/knowledge

should not be capitalized..and should be somewhere at the centre, references
must always be on their own page…only Letter R should be capitalized

capitalize this

must be arranged alphabetically using firs or second letters of each entry