At the rent time and Into the foreseeable future, these countries will not go to war with each other. But with the precedence of world wars, if these countries were to go to war tomorrow with the current forces, spending, and tactics, who would emerge the victor? To determine a victor, the aspects of defense policy and spending, along with the equipment and tactics of both Armies will be examined. In coming to a conclusion, part three of Murray and Volts Comparative Framework, Defense Policy Making, will be the basis of the paper.
This framework is expanded to incorporate defense spending, which correlates with the status of each litany. These components are of most importance in regards to the national security of each country. Even more so with both countries deployed In support of the Global War on Terror. In order to support their endeavors and at the same time protect their borders, both countries need large armies which will require big defense spending. The Defense Budget spending of a nation determines how much money goes Into their respective maltreats.
Generally speaking, the more money put Into a military, the better equipped and better trained it will be. In 2010, Germany will spend $42 lion dollars on its military, or 1. 3 percent of its annual GAP. Part of this spending goes to the German Army, consisting of 103,650 soldiers. The united States, however, spends the most on Its military than any other nation In the world. In 201 0, the united States will spend $665 billion dollars on its military, or 4. 652 percent of its annual GAP, with an Army of 552,400 soldiers.
The United States spends nearly 16 times as much on its military than Germany, with a force 5 times the size. Germany Is able to spend $171 ,926 dollars per soldier compared to the united States, with 475, 023 dollars. This $300,000 dollar difference per soldier allows the united States to purchase better equipment with higher technology, thus creating a more dominate force. At current time, Germany Is downsizing Its military, as well as Its defense spending. “at present at In the foreseeable future, there Is no conventional threat to German territory. It is also possible that by 2015, Russian and Saudi Arabian defense spending will surpass that of Germany. Germany is now focusing on transforming its army from that of a larger maneuver force, to a much small, quick reaction force. There are six essential capability categories the country wants to focus on: Command and Control, Intelligence collection and reconnaissance, mobility, 1 OFF reactive engagement, support Ana sustainability, Ana survivability Ana protection.
The United States, however, while in an asymmetric fight in Afghanistan and Iraq still holds on to its tradition style of warfare with maneuver units and support fires, “Such principles suggest that the US will be increasing its reliance on a more mobile and expeditionary force concept that features high levels of strategic and tactical mobility, gather with ground forces supported by precision indirect fire and air-delivered weapons. ” According to Cane’s, there is a slight shift in budget distributions due to this new defense plan, which will likely benefit the army in numbers, training, and equipment.
The American organization of Brigade Combat Teams allows military planners great flexibility. These forces can handle anti-insurgency operations, while at the same time carry out traditional style warfare. Germany downsizing its army and spending will only be able to carry out smaller operations, such as anti-terror or anti-insurgency operations. If the two nations were to go to war, the United States would have a clear advantage with spending, numbers, equipment, and policies.
In respects to each army, maneuver units (Infantry and Armor) and their support (Field Artillery) will be analyzed. These are the units that will encounter each other and have the most effect on victory. Infantry The standard issue rifle for the German Army is the Heckler & Koch 636. The 636 fires a 5. Sexism NATO round with a rate of fire at 750 rounds per minute and a range of 600 meters. The 636 is a highly versatile weapon as barrels can be switched UT to change the 636 from an assault rifle to a support weapon with a 100 round drum magazine or even a submachine gun.
This allows platoons to react to an ever changing battlefield on the run. The German Army also fields two different types of machine guns, chambered to fire a 5. Mom and 7. Mom round. The army also has a portable grenade launcher which is shaped like a flare gun that is able to fire a mom grenade. The standard issue rifle for the US Army is the Colt M-4 Carbine. The MM also fires a 5. Sexism NATO round with a rate of fire at 700-950 rounds per minute at a range of 500 meters. Like the 636, the MM is a highly versatile weapon.
While it is not able to exchange the standard barrel with a heavier variant, the MM user is able to install a near limitless number of optical, weapon, and ergonomic accessories to aid the user in completing a mission. Like the German Army, the US Army fields two machine guns with its platoons, the MAMA Squad Automatic Weapon, and the MAMA 7. 62 machine gun. This gives the infantry platoon diverse fires for suppressive or offensive operations. One such attachment is the MAMA grenade launcher which also fires a mom grenade.
When compared side to side, infantry room German and the United States are nearly identical in regards to equipment performance. The 636 can outshoot the MM by 100 meters, while the MM is capable of shooting at higher rates of fire than the MM. The Americans have a vast array of weaponry for its infantry, while at the same time this can become cumbersome and can complicate a mission if a weapon goes down. The Germans, however, can switch barrels on the 636, and change to the needs of the mission.
All aspects of each weapon and their users combined, it is a tie between both infantry. The “pros and cons” of each country’s infantry ends in a draw. Armor Germany has stayed true to its historical roots and continues to boast one of the most powerful armor branches in the world. At the spearhead of its roster is the Leopard 2 Mall Battle lank. I en Leopard Is a combat tested Ana combat paper tank. With a mommy main gun, the Leopard is capable of destroying anything in today’s militaries. The armor on the Leopard is the best the world has to offer.
There are multiple stories of Leopard crews in Afghanistan running over Dies and the entire crew survives without injury. One Canadian officer stated that “[the Taliban] have earned some very harsh lessons,” when dealing with a Leopard in battle. The Leopard 2 is also highly versatile, a recurring theme with German engineering. The Leopard comes in 9 variations, most being Leopards suited for the needs of different countries that purchase the tank. These variations range from a peacekeeping variation too version in development with a mommy smoothbore cannon.
German also boasts 6 different types of Armored Personnel carriers and 5 reconnaissance vehicles. It is safe to say that the German army is heavily mechanize based. The United States armor branch is also one of the best in the world. The MIAMI Abram Main Battle Tank is the third generation of its type and has the claim of being impenetrable to any anti tank round in the world while able to destroy any type of armor. The MIAMI also fields a mommy smoothbore cannon and has the option off mommy rifled cannon.
The armor is capable of taking ‘DEED blasts as well as other tank rounds without damaging the internal components of the tank or the crew. During the 1991 Gulf War 1,848 MIAMI tanks were deployed to Saudi Arabia and only 23 were destroyed. Out of these 23 destroyed tanks there was only 1 casualty. The Abram as noted capable of making kills at ranges in excess of 8,200 feet. The Abram is also a highly versatile tank with different variations from mine clearing, bridge building, and a prototype mommy cannon variation.
The US Army also has 3 Armored Personnel Carrier, one of which being the Bradley Fighting Vehicle which has different variations to complete a multitude of missions. The newest member of the Armor branch is the Striker, which also has different variations from Medic Vehicle, Mortar platform, too mommy Cannon version. Both the United States and Germany field outstanding Armor branches. They are y far the most technically advanced mechanized units in the world. The Germans’ Leopard Tank is highly versatile and powerful, and is supported by a vast number of other armored vehicles.
The United States’ Abram tank has seen combat a number of times and has made a number of improvements to increase its lethality and survivability, and has a number of other armored vehicles with a number of variations for support. In regards to armor, the United States has the clear advantage. The Abram Main Battle tank has seen far more combat, thus made great improvements on the survivability of this $6 million dollar machine. The Bradley Fighting Vehicle and the Striker are also superior to their German counterparts.