Expository Text

  1. Prereading
  2. Reading
  3. Responding
  4. Exploring
  5. Applying

are 5 strategies to improve comprehension of…

Pre-reading Stage

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During this stage, activate prior knowledge by:

  • Brainstorming words prior to reading
  • Using the K-W-L Chart
  • Use of an anticipation guide to set the purpose
  • Preteach vocabulary
  • Use an anchor chart to document student ‘s questions and thoughts
  • Preview the chapter

Reading Stage

Strategies to help such as:

  • skimming
  • scanning
  • slow and careful reading
  • listen-read discuss
  • kwl charts
  • spider maps
  • graphic organizers

are all used for this stage…

Graphic Organizers

  1. Concept maps
  2. Venn diagrams
  3. Outlines

are 3 types of…

Venn Diagram
This type of graphic organizer is used when comparing and contrasting concepts
Concept Map
This graphic organizer shows the relationship among concepts; it is also known as a semantic map
Responding Stage

In this stage, students reflect and make connections.; Some of the activities includes:

  • Instructional conversation
  • Double-Entry journals
  • Learning logs

Exploring Stage

During this stage, students are examining main ideas, connecting main ideas to details, and examining vocabulary words.


Some strategies to use are: word walls and word sorts

A semantic map can show how unknown words are…
Developing a set of questions
Before beginning any research project, students should set a purpose and focus by:
Applying stage

In this stage, students

  • present an oral or written report
  • read additional books on the topic
  • conduct research
  • create a poster
  • and/or perform a role-play

Directed Reading-Thinking Activity (DRTA)

Strategies in this activity allow students to:

  • write everything they know about a certain topic
  • brainstorm as a group
  • predict as a group and
  • the students interact by reading to each other

Simulated Journal

Students imagine and write from another perspective in this type of journal.


It is appropriate for developing high order thinking skills


Collaborative Reports

Simulated Journals and

Directed Reading-Thinking Activities

Strategies that further improve study and inquiry skills includes:
Thematic Units
They are interdisciplinary units that connects learning with other disciplines like reading, math, science
Contextual Analysis Activities

  • Cloze procedure
  • Rereading sentence without using the new word
  • Reading the sentence that appear before and after the sentence with the new word

are what type of activities?


because, for, therefore, as a result of, consequently

are common signal words for…


These are links that students can click on to quickly move from location to location;


Resources available on the web such as pictures, text information, sound, and video are connected to related information by…