Expository Text

  1. Prereading
  2. Reading
  3. Responding
  4. Exploring
  5. Applying

are 5 strategies to improve comprehension of…

Pre-reading Stage

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During this stage, activate prior knowledge by:

  • Brainstorming words prior to reading
  • Using the K-W-L Chart
  • Use of an anticipation guide to set the purpose
  • Preteach vocabulary
  • Use an anchor chart to document student ‘s questions and thoughts
  • Preview the chapter

Reading Stage

Strategies to help such as:

  • skimming
  • scanning
  • slow and careful reading
  • listen-read discuss
  • kwl charts
  • spider maps
  • graphic organizers

are all used for this stage…

Graphic Organizers

  1. Concept maps
  2. Venn diagrams
  3. Outlines

are 3 types of…

Venn Diagram
This type of graphic organizer is used when comparing and contrasting concepts
Concept Map
This graphic organizer shows the relationship among concepts; it is also known as a semantic map
Responding Stage

In this stage, students reflect and make connections.; Some of the activities includes:

  • Instructional conversation
  • Double-Entry journals
  • Learning logs

Exploring Stage

During this stage, students are examining main ideas, connecting main ideas to details, and examining vocabulary words.

;

Some strategies to use are: word walls and word sorts

Related
A semantic map can show how unknown words are…
Developing a set of questions
Before beginning any research project, students should set a purpose and focus by:
Applying stage

In this stage, students

  • present an oral or written report
  • read additional books on the topic
  • conduct research
  • create a poster
  • and/or perform a role-play

Directed Reading-Thinking Activity (DRTA)

Strategies in this activity allow students to:

  • write everything they know about a certain topic
  • brainstorm as a group
  • predict as a group and
  • the students interact by reading to each other

Simulated Journal

Students imagine and write from another perspective in this type of journal.

;

It is appropriate for developing high order thinking skills

Quickwriting

Collaborative Reports

Simulated Journals and

Directed Reading-Thinking Activities

Strategies that further improve study and inquiry skills includes:
Thematic Units
They are interdisciplinary units that connects learning with other disciplines like reading, math, science
Contextual Analysis Activities

  • Cloze procedure
  • Rereading sentence without using the new word
  • Reading the sentence that appear before and after the sentence with the new word

are what type of activities?

Cause-and-effect

because, for, therefore, as a result of, consequently

are common signal words for…

Hyperlinks

These are links that students can click on to quickly move from location to location;

;

Resources available on the web such as pictures, text information, sound, and video are connected to related information by…