The Shadow Lines Cosmopolitanism Is a space of cultural and ethnic transaction where characters seek to overthrow artificial frontiers to come to terms with the reality of cultural and political transformations. Moreover, cosmopolitanism also refer to cross-cultural practices of Imagining or remembering space and place In the novel.
Nadia Butt addresses the representation of cosmopolitanism in Imitate Josh’s memory novel by recalling and imagining the interplay between private and political ivies. She argues that In Josh’s fiction, space is not merely remembered as an Imaginative construct but Is represented as a domain of political and cultural encounter, encounters which actually shape the connection of different characters with territory and location.
Hence, space is represented as a dynamic arrangement between people, places, cultures and society as the construction of space in Josh’s novel does not simply manifest territorial struggles rather, It serves to show the Interplay between local and global Influences and above all the search for community ND alliances that cut across boundaries of cultural and ethnic identities Bash, argues that the places described in the novel are many. As Gosh says a place must be ‘a part of history, Tribe had lived in.
For Instance,’Ethel old family house In Bally- gung Place with his aging grandmother’ In Calcutta, England, Bananas, America, London and Delhi and these are places that have a history. Her argument is genuine and gains ground as these places are relational and are associated with identity also these places have identity because these places have a present, a past and a future. The place Itself becomes a character In the narrative place and adds to the individual’s identity. Juxtaposing the narrator with la we find that la has seen little even though she has traveled the whole world because she lives in her own world.
Also, Raja mm’, highlights the fact that woman’s modes of travel are constantly contrasted with the men. Inside of this distinction a radical view comes into play by making cosmopolitanism not for women as women bear an extra burden in the novel, needing to be both appropriately alluring objects and and entrusting subjects to the men. Shammed makes an intelligent, rational cut by viewing cosmopolitanism through diverse lens.
Imitate Gosh in his novels seems to be in search of (cultural) spaces in the dark smeared lines across cultures also he is trying to find out space between cultures. He is trying to find out a blend of black and white, a mixture or a blend of the two-Grey a mixture that Indians/ subalterns/ post-colonial/ orientations are composed of. He delves deep into the realms of cosmopolitanism and trans-cultural spaces.