Stages of the Helping ModelStage 1
Stage 1:”the current Picture”-client tells issues, concerns, difficulties, problems-Help client spell out concerns-3 tasks spell out client concernsTask 1:-What’s going on in my life or main concerns?-help get clear picture of problems and unused opportunitiesTask 2:-uncover hidden concerns to form a constructive perspective-find unused strengths and resources-explore opportunitiesTask 3:-Help choose issues that will make a significant difference-defer counseling if they don’t want to work or pick trivial issues
Helping Model: Stage 2
Stage 2: Preferred Picture: identify and choose problem managing goals-explore possibilities for a better future-sometimes a skipped stage because they jump into problem solvingTask 1:-Develop a sense of hope-brainstorm possibilites for better future to help clients understand possibilities better. Task 2:-Choose realistic and challenging goalsTask 3:-find incentives to help commit -demands of life complicate goals
Helping Model:Stage 3
stage 3: help clients develop strategies and plans-define actions needed to achieve goalsTask 1:-review possible strategies -think of different ways to achieve goalsTask 2:-Choose strategies that best fit resources-take into consideration talents, resources, temperament, environmentTask 3:-organize actions they need to accomplish their goals -plans are maps for client to useAction: Clients need to act on their own behalf-helping process should empower them to take the step -will be hard work/struggle
3 goals of helping
1:Life enhancing outcomes-help clients manage their own problems to live more effectively-uncover resourcesGoal 2: Learn Self help-help clients become better at helping themselves Goal 3: Prevention Mentality- help clients develop an action oriented prevention mentality
Attending skills
S: face the client SquarelyO: Open postureL: lean toward the otherE: Maintain Eye contactR: maintain Relaxed natural behaviors
4 stages in the counseling process
Initial,middle, final, termination/follow-upInitial Stage:interview and explanation/signing of informed consent-exchange of info-provide a atmosphere, develop relationship for self-exploration-Clarify nature of problem and set goals-talk about credentials, fees, policy, session review-limitations of confidentiality-usually take more than one session; diagnosis is needed for billingMiddle Stage: shift from external to internal -emotions will surface; showing signs of experiencing changes-may start to skip sessions/getting closer finding topic-transference/countertransference can develop-resistance comes in different forms; rage guiltFinal stage: Action stage-client becomes less dependent on counselor-becomes more self-confident, assertive, and perceptions change-work together to reach goals and work on ways to deal with resistance-not slip back; techniques: role play, homeworkTermination/follow up:-is client ready? prepare them for last session-sadness may surface; review progress towards goals-counselor may resist; save relationship-follow up is necessary; two weeks laterassess client progress