Country Research Paper: Peru             A country formally ruled by the powerfulIncan civilization and later conquered by the Spanish is the tropical countryof Peru. Its capital Lima is located along its coast, and the country has apopulation of 31, 838,00 people.

Peru uses the Sol as currency, which is about31 cents.Location            Peru is located on the west side ofSouth America and shares its border with the Pacific Ocean. Peru shares its continentwith Brazil and Bolivia on its east border, Chile to the south, and Columbiaand Equator to the north. For its technical location, Peru is located at about9°S latitude, and 75°W longitude.

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Regions            The coastal region, the AndesMountain region, and the Amazon Basin are what Peru is geographically dividedinto. The coastal region follows Peru’s west border. Most of the populationlives in this region, which has an arid climate. The northern coast containsthe Sechura desert, while the central coast has many hills and is home to Peru’scapital Lima.

Traveling to the southern part of the coastal region brings moremountainous territory.            The Andes Mountain region dividesthe coastal region from the Amazon Basin. Traveling across the Andes,especially near the central part of the region, has proved difficult. Whilesome high areas have snow, the region is dry with changing temperatures due todifferent elevations. The southern part of the region has more plateaus and volcanoes.

            The Amazon Basin holds twosuperlatives: it’s the largest region, and it also has the least number ofpeople living there. The Amazon Basin has a tropical climate, and its low andhilly landscape is a contrast from the tall Andes. The Montaña and the Selvaare two areas in the Amazon Basin. Where the Andes end, the forested Montañabegins. Traveling east in the Amazon Basin will lead you to the Selva, which ismade up of jungle. PlacePeru is home to part of the AndesMountain range, which passes straight through the country. The mountains, whilehigher and steeper as they cross the central part of the country, ease off asthey approach its northern and southern parts. Mount Huascarán, the tallest mountainin the country, is located in the Andes.

Peru is also home to South America’sbiggest lake, Lake Titicaca. Peru’s rivers include the Amazon, Maranon, and Ucayali.While the country’s soil isn’t known for its fertility (except for parts alongthe coast), they are known for having gold, petroleum, and copper.Peru’s human characteristics vary. Thecountry’s ethnic makeup is composed of a majority of Quechua Indians who tendto make up the poorer class and live in the Andes or Amazon Basin regions, anda mestizo minority who tend to live in the coastal region and make up thehigher social classes. Due to Spanish conquest, Roman Catholicism is a dominantreligion and Spanish a major language, though Quechua and Aymara are not dyingout due to the number of Indians that speak them. Food includes yucca, rice,seviche (popular fish dish), various meats, and potatoes.

Festivals (bothreligious and secular) are common. Movement            While the Andes don’t make travelingthe easiest for people of Peru, there are some ways to get from one place toanother.  The Central Highway is one ofthe ways to get across the Andes, another is the Central Railway (and itsconnecting railways), which makes transportation easier for the Andes miners.The Pan American Highway’s length is longer than the country itself, travelingalong its coast.

Seaports and airports are also located in Peru. Some of theirport cities include Puno, Callao (largest), and Iquitos. Peru also has an internationalairport in Lima. While the country exports some of their food like sugar andfish meal, they also import food to as well as consumer goods. Exports alsoinclude some of their many minerals like copper and gold.

Peru also has varioustourist sites, the most obvious one being Machu Picchu in the Andes, which is theruins of a house from the Incan royalty. Other tourist sites having to do withPeru’s ancient rulers are Caral, the remains of an extremely old city, and theNazca Lines, which has over 1000-year-old desert drawings. Human-Environment Interaction            Most of Peru’s population and majorcities are along the coast of the country, less live in the Andes, and lessthan 15% live in the Amazon Basin.

Their major cities along the coast all sharethe trait of being near to water. The land in the coastal region is also less impedingthan the high Andes. The economy of Peru tends to match its population trends.The cities have more factories, and the northern coastal region is known fortheir food production. The people who live in the other regions of Peru tend tohave a rural lifestyle, and while they do focus on agriculture and there arenatural resources there, the cities are where people go for jobs.

Llamas            The llama is a common animal toSouth America. Peru has one on their flag, and the animal is seen on trinkets,clothing, and accessories. Present before the Inca, the llama was frequently usedas a pack animal before horses and other animals came to the area. They arestill herded by people living in the rural parts of Peru.            Friendliness is not always the termused to describe llamas, though they are capable of kindness toward humans ifraised right.

In a herd, their rudeness is commonly associated with theirsocial structure. If they view humans as fellow herd members, they’ll be moreapt to treat them as such. Life with a herd of llamas isn’t always so bitter,as they do look out for each other when they aren’t spitting at their peers.

Current Event            From articles from BBC and CNN, Iwas informed of some conflicts happening in Peru. The articles focused on therecent pardon of Peru’s former president Alberto Fujimori. Politics are notperfect in Peru, and this president was jailed for participating in scandals andallowing people to be killed. The former president wasn’t the healthiestperson, and apparently that played a role in his pardon, which was done by thecurrent president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.             Kuczynskihasn’t been the perfect president either and was almost impeached not too longago.

The former president’s son aided in stopping Kucztnski’s almostimpeachment. This was before his father was pardoned. Protestors don’t seethese two events as coincidence and are displeased with both presidents.