COVERPAGE             ResearchEssay      Student’s name: Rimple RaniStudent’s ID: 514060Class: EAP3College name: Eynesbury CollegeTeacher’s name: Ronald Franco and SiobhanDue date: 22, December 2018   Nowadays, people’s living standard is risingthroughout the world which leads to social and economic changes and thesechanges have resulted in environmental damage. A standard of living refers tothe level of financial means, comfort, material products, and necessitiesaccessible to a specific financial class in a specific geographic zone. It incorporatesfactors such as, wages, quality of life, accessibility to work and class. One’sway of life is firmly identified with personal satisfaction.

Some people thinkthat the increase in standards of living does not harm the environment due tomore eco- friendly products, recycling and government legislation. However,damage to the environment is unavoidable due to expanding urbanisation andindustrialisation.One ofthe primary reasons why an increase in standard of living through urbanizationleads to environment damage is that it leads to the deforestation.

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Deforestation is the clearing or evacuation of trees through deliberate orunplanned means. It can happen in any region thickly populated by trees andother vegetation. However, the main area where this continue to occur is in theAmazon rain forest.

It hastens the loss of highly productive farmland, affectsenergy demand and alters the climate (Seto et al., 2011).  In addition, it also leads to the reduction ofbiodiversity as most of the habitats disappear, wild animals lose their homesdue to urbanization (Guneralp and Seto, 2008). In the United Kingdom forinstance, an expanding human population density, and the subsequent incrementin urban advancement were observed to be the reason for the disappearance of 35%of rare plant species in the country and also included this urbanized zones(Hardman, 2011). Therefore, it is certain that urbanization has a major effecton the environment.Conversely,it has been argued that an increase in the standard of living throughurbanization is not harmful for the environment because today, most countriesare adopting methods of transport which require less energy and do not pollutethe environment (Wan G, 2012). As indicated by the U.

S Natural Assurance Organization(EPA), 9% of vehicle contamination is the result of trucks and other transportmeans. As a result, the usage of biofuel and electronic or solar power shouldlessen the quantity of gas emissions. With the help of recycling, consumerismproblems can be solved and this also helps to reduce the large amount of wastein cities.

Recycling lessens the requirements for mining, quarrying, loggingand refining of crude materials. These methods considerably contribute to airand water contamination (Eureka 2008). GM farming is also helpful to reduce theproblem of land shortage because more crops can be grown in less land. As GMfarming requires less pesticide use, cultivators who use GM techniques requireless diesel to drive their tractors and therefore emit less carbon dioxide.Less carbon dioxide means that GM farms have less carbon footprint and aretherefore more eco-friendly (Denialism 2017). Thus, it is claimed that urbanizationisn’t destructive to the earth.However, although proponents claim that improvementsin standard of living by urbanization do not create negative impacts on theenvironment, nothing could be further from the truth.

All countries do notfollow rules and regulations and do not maintain the same standards in planningof cities. People in many countries do not implement green friendly transports.For instance, as indicated by an investigation by the independent researchgroup, Shrink That Footprint (Sedghi 2013), they surveyed the effect ofelectric vehicles (EV) in twenty of the world’s driving nations. In India andChina, electric cars resulted in outflows equal to conventional oil vehicles.In India, a completely electric car creates emissions comparable to a 20 MPG(US gallon) petroleum vehicle (Sedghi, 2013).In addition, in China, people do not have awareness of recycling products.According to theassociation for EconomicCooperation and Development (OECD), Turkey and Chile, each reuse only ahorrifying 1% of aggregate waste, as per the report.

They are, likewise, themain nations who are less likely to recycle since 2000. Thus, changes in life stylecaused through industrialisation contaminate the earth. Improvements in standard of living causedthrough industrialisation pollute the environment. Mass agricultural productionas an industry is very harmful to the environment. For instance, more than 37 percent of methane emission result from theagricultural industry. Methane has an earth-wide temperature boost potential 20times higher than carbon dioxide.

In any case, that doesn’t make the carbon dioxideoutflows any less dramatic. Petroleum products, transportation and engineeredpesticides or composts transmits 90 million tons of carbon dioxide into the aireach year (Good, 2017). Similarly, more factories and industries areestablished in cities due to industrialisation and these factories pollute theenvironment due to the waste and smoke which mixes with water and air. Hence,it is clear that the increase in living standards through industrialization isunsafe for the environment.                                         Thosewho support economic changes which are more environmentally friendly claim thatwith the use of renewable energy sources people can save energy. Therefore, itdoes not pollute the environment.

It also reduces the waste from the cities whichresults in less pollution. Thereare now 186 operational wind farms in the UK (both coastal and seaward) with2,120 turbines making enough energy to control approximately 1,523,052 homesand sparing 6,156,175 tons of carbon which is beneficial for the environment(Nixon, 2008). Furthermore, it is claimed that government legislations are alsohelpful to reduce environmental damage because in many countries, there arestrict punishments and penalties for polluting the environment. For instance,The 2010 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) positions 163 nations in lightof 10 indicators of ecological security. These include, for example, levels ofair contamination, marine assurance laws, water quality, and their rate of plantingnew trees. The EPI is measured twice per year by a group of ecologicalspecialists at Yale and Columbia Universities (Melina, 2010). With the help of environmentalfriendly products and government legislation, environmental damage can bereduced.

As a result, the rise in expectations for everyday comforts through industrialization does not put a heavyburden on the environment. However, use of renewable energy dependsupon weather conditions in each country. According to REN21 UNECE Renewable Energy Status Report, there is a critical organization of present dayrenewables just in Ukraine alone (for the most part sun oriented photovoltaic –or PV – and inland breeze), which is as of now however affected by thetroublesome geographical circumstance.

Fewer improvements (generally inland breeze,sun oriented PV) exist in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the previous YugoslaviaRepublic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. In some countries, sunlight isvery rare so people are unable to use renewable energy in these countries.Solar energy is not possible in some countries due to extreme weatherconditions. For example, Tromso, Norway islocated over 200 miles north of the Arctic Circle and is home to extreme lightvariation between seasons. During the Polar Night, which lasts from November toJanuary, the sun does not rise at all (Leibowwitz, 2015).

All countries do not have strict rules and regulationsto use renewable energy and recycling and people do not follow the rules andregulations of their country in favour of environment. Thus, the rise inexpectations for everyday comforts through industrialization is risky fornature. In conclusion, although there are manynew cities planned and eco-friendly and transport systems which use less energybut not each country has access to eco-friendly products and recycling.  Everyone does not follow rules andregulations. Recycling is very expensive in some developing countries. Hence,it is clear that the increase in the worldwide standard of living has socialand economic changes through urbanisation and industrialization and thesechanges cause damage to the environment.

 Wan, G 2012, Urbanizationcan be good for the environment, Asia Pathways, The blog of the AsianDevelopment Bank Institute, < https://www.asiapathways-adbi.org/2012/12/urbanization-can-be-good-for-the-environment/>. Good, K 2017, Factoryfarming is killing the environment, One Green Planet, viewed 18 January2018,

onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/factory-farming-is-killing-the-environment/>. Denialism, D 2017, Five Ways GMOs Benefit theEnvironment,A Medium Corporation US, viewed 13 January 2018, . Sedghi, A 2013, India named least green country for electric cars, the Guardian, viewed 11 January 2018, . Güneralp, Burak, & Karen C.

Seto. “Futuresof global urban expansion: uncertainties and implications for biodiversityconservation.” Environmental Research Letters 8, no. 1 (2013). Dowd, M. 2015, TheEffects on the Environment from Industrialization, viewed 21 January 2018,

html>.   Sen, A 2015, Essay on Positive and NegativeImpact of Industrialization in India, Important India, Viewed 16 January2018, < https://www.importantindia.com/15285/impact-of-industrialization-in-india/>.   Glickstein, J 1996,Industrialization: Good and Bad, Reviews in American History, 24(1),pp.29-35.

  Donnellan, P, Cronin, K. &Byrne, E 2015, Recycling waste heat energy using vapour absorption heattransformers, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 42, pp.1290-1304.