English-language learners communicate for social, intercultural, and instructional purposes withing the school setting
ELD standard 1
English-language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the area(s) of language arts, mathematics, science and social studies
ELD standards 2-5
strategy where students are asked to listen and repeat simple phrases that differ by only one phoneme
minimal pair
Total Physical Response (TPR)
Asher (1982) Three elements:
1. Listening, and hence understanding, precedes speaking.
2. Understanding is developed through moving the body.
3. Speaking is never forced.
Language Experience Approach (LEA)
Student tells story; teacher transcribes; teacher reads it back.
Strength: connects students to experiences, reinforces sounds–>symbols, provides texts for lessons on grammar, vocab, writing conventions, structure, and more.
DR-TA (Directed Reading-Thinking Aloud)
teacher asks students to make predictions and then read to confirm ideas
helps students chunk text into small units; student reads silently, then aloud; like coaching–conversation about text
Literature-based reading
controlled readers, texts sets, core books, thematic units, multicultural literature
Literacy communities
books exchanged along with ideas from books, student write books
Six Traits Approach to writing
1. ideas
2. organization
3. voice
4. word choice
5. sentence fluency
6. conventions
Pay attention to the prompt
List the main ideas
Add supporting details
Number your ideas

Work from your plan to develop thesis
Remember your goals
Include transitions
Try to use different types of sentences
Exciting, interesting, word$$

CALL (Computer Assisted Language Learning)
on-demand, flexible, multiple modalities
learning beyond school walls
nonlinear (hypertext), interactive’
supports autonomy
enhances creativity