Grammar-Translation Methodology
Still widely used when goal is reading and grammar knowledge of 2nd language.
Structural Linguistics
descriptive linguistics and contrastive analysis–comparing similarities between languages
General category of linguistic theories, based on Skinner’s “blank slate” model of the mind
behaviorist: based on repetitious training, often using recorded audio
Direct Teaching and Mastery Learning
behaviorist: (Open Court0
Direct Teaching and Mastery Learning
behaviorist: (Open Court) promotes learning of facts, rules
Current Theories of Language Development emphasize this
Chomsky (1959) mind has a language processorHymes (1961) use of language in a social setting is importantHalliday (1975) social structure 1. Learning more important than “teaching”2. works best when learning matches how the brain works3. thematic integration across content areas unifies the process
Transformation Grammar
language has a set of rules that we unconsciously know an use; goal is to understand and internalize rules
Krashens’ Monitor Model
“People acquire second-language structures in a predictable order only if they obtain comprehensible input.”(CLAD Handbook) Also, anxiety must be low.