RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY and ACCOMMODATION
RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY and ACCOMMODATION
Which term is defined as: A personal set or institutionalized system of attitudes, morals, ethical beliefs, and practices that are held with the strength of traditional religious values, characterized by aror and faith, and generally evidenced through specific religious observances.
Religion
The DoD 1350.2 definition of Religion was derived from what two court cases?
United States v. Seeger, 380 U.S 163(1965)”Conscientious Objectors” Welsh v. United States, 398 U.

S 333(1970)Reversed United States v. Seeger based on broad scope of word “religious”

The federal government does not posses, nor may it put together, any list that proclaim some religious legitimate and others not. True or False
True
What of the Constitution prohibits the federal government from deciding which religions are legitimate and which are not?
Establishment Clause of the First Amendment
List the Four agencies that are allowed to track Faith Groups(Religious).
Internal Revenue ServiceDefense Manpower Data Center (DMDC)Chaplain representationThe Dept. of Veterans Affairs (VA)
List the traditional religious accommodations for DoD personnel.
ChaplainsOathsConscientious ObjectorClergy-penitent privilegeWorshipFederally-funded burial/Headstones 
What are the three conditions to be protected by Clergy-peniten privilege?
1. Be made to the chaplain or chaplains assistant in his/her offical capacity 2. Be intended to be a private commnication 3.

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Be made as a matter of conscience or a formal act of religion

Time off for religious observances, rituals, holidays;Religious apparel; Dietary requirements; Medical requirements; ….Are examples of what kind of Accommodations request?
Common religious accomodation request
True or False. Commanders are strongly urged that religious accommodation request be granted whenever possible.
True
Which DoD policy governs religious accommodation request?
DoDI 1300.17
What are the five factors commanders and EOA’s should consider when trying to determine whether to grant a request for accommodation?
1.

Importance of Military Requirement2. Importance to Requester3. Cumulative Impact4.

Alternatives5. Previous Treatment of Similar Requests

What are the 3 guidelines issued by the White House in 1997 in regards to religious exercise and expression?
Section 1: Religious Exercise and Expression in Federal Workplace Section 2: Guiding Legal Principles Section 3: General
Religious expression, religious discrimination, accommodation of religious exercises, and establishing of religion fall under which Section of White House Guidlines?
Section 1
Which of the Section of White House Guidlines contain Discrimination in terms and conditions, Coercion of employees’ participation or non-participation in religious activities, Hostile work environment and harassment?
Section 2
What are some forms of religious discrimination?
DiscountingReligious jokes and slursMandatingStereotypingExclusionIgnoring and indifferenceHarassment
Which term is defined as: A set of political beliefs about the nature of people and society; an organized collection of ideas about the best and most appropriate way to live?
Ideology
Which term is defined as: Describes the actions or ideologies of individuals or groups who take a political idea to its limits, regardless of unfortunate repercussions, and show intolerance toward all views other than their own?
Extremism
Which term is defined as:  A person who advocates the use of force or violence; advocates supremacist causes based on race, ethnicity, religion, gender, or national origin; otherwise engages to illegally deprive individuals or groups of their civil rights?
Extremist
What term is defined as: The belief that a particular race, religion, gender, species, belief system, or culture is superior to others and entitles those who identify with it to dominate, control, or rule those who do not.
Supremism
A person who believes that a certian group is or should be supreme is define as a what?
Supremacist
DoD Directive 1325.6 prohibites what type of activities in regards extermism?
1. Participating in organizations that espouse supremacist causes2. Attempting to create illegal discrimination based on race, creed, color, sex, religion, or national origin3. Advocating the use of force or violence4.

Engaging in efforts to deprive individuals of their civil rights

Active participation in which activities with regard to extremist organization are prohibited?
Publicly demonstrating or rallyingFundraisingRecruiting and training membersOrganizing or leading such organization
What are the 7 stages of forming hate groups?
FormingDefiningDisparagingTauntiingAttack without weaponsAttack with weaponsDestroying
True or False. All extremist groups are violent?
False
According to George and Wilcox what are some of the traits or behaviors that tend to represent the extremist style?
Character assassinationName calling and labelingIrresponsive sweeping generalizationsInadequate proof behind assertionsetc….
Which Ideology is defined as: The policy of asserting that the interest of ones own nation are seperate from the interests of other nations or the common interest of all nations.

Nationalism
Which ideology is defined as: The belief that ones race or eithnicity is superior to all others and should dominate society?
Supremacy
Which ideology is defined as: Setting oneself or others apart based on culture, ethnicity, race, or religion
Separatism
Which ideology is defined as: A political ideology that considers the state to be unnecessary, harmful, or undersirable?
Anarchism
Which ideology is defined as: Extremist ideology based on intolerance toward other religions?
Religion
Which ideology is defined as: Environmental activists who take action to figher against the exploitation of the environment and/or animals?
Eco-Warriors
List several recruiting motives of military personnel by extremist groups? 
DisciplineKnowledge of firearms and explosivesTactical skillsAccess to weapons and intelligence
What are strategies to combat extremism?
Examine personal viewpoints in light of military values and loyaltyReject affiliation with any extremist organizationsDecline the distribution or circulation of extremist literatureEncourage others to avoid extremist affiliations and viewsReport indicators of extremism to the appropriate command
The belief or attitude that one gender or sex is inferior to or less valuale than the other defines what term?
Sexism
Values + Attitude = what?
Prejudice
List the 5 elements of Sexist Behavior.
AntilocutionAvoidanceDiscriminationPhysical AttacksExtermination
What were the historical influences that allowed sexism to continue?
ReligionGreat Man TheoryThe Constitution
List the societal influences that allowed sexism to continue.
BehaviorAbilityPsychology/PersonalityIgnoring, Speaking for, Clarifying, and InterruptingPro-sexism
What are the institutional influences that allowed sexism to continue?
Job role labelsUnnecessary divisionMedia 
What document provided women a permanent place in the military?
Women’s Armed Service Integration Act of 1948
Which DoD policy set a single standard for evaluating positions and units from which the military Services could exclude women?
Risk Rule
This document repealed the prohibition on the assignment of women to combat aircraft in the Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps?
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993
True or False. The Direct Ground Combat Rule is Institutional Sexism.
True
List the Stereotypes that impact full integraton of women in the military.
PsychologicalPhysicalPregnancy issuesLeadership issues
What are the Ego Defense Mechanisms associated with sexism?
DenialProjectionRationalization
List EOA strategies to prevent and/or eliminate sexist behaviors
Self-analysis/ self awarenessModel behviorKeep current on EO issues/informationEducation and training
What are leadership strategies to Prevent and/or Eliminate Sexism in the Military?
Policy and AdministrationPreventionSet the exampleMission