Developmental Theories

 
Offer explanations for lifespan changes How children grow and develop
Developmental Theories
Place different emphases on the role of genetics and environmental influences
Developmental Theories
Understanding them is useful forpromoting children’s developmentidentification of developmental delays or irregularities 
Gesell
Maturational TheorySuggested that developmentis primarily determined and pre-programmed by genetics is universal and predictableexplains all differences

  • Resulted in the concept of “milestones”

 

Freud
Psychoanalytical Theory

  • Suggested that development is governed by  unconscious processes
  • Focused on 5 stages of personality formation
  • Believed that instinct and gratification motivate behavior
  • Freud’s ideas are frequently rejected for lack of scientific evidence