DiocletianDiocletian was an emperor of Rome from the the year 284 to the year 305. Born in Dalmatia, a Roman province, which spanned to a part of present-day Albania, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo, and Serbia. He grew up poor and gained his status by raising through the ranks of the military.
He eventually became the Roman cavalry commander under the current emperor at the time, Carus. Diocletian was named emperor after Carus and his son died tragically. As the newly appointed emperor of the Roman empire, Diocletian made major improvements to the military and won important wars, completely changed the way the Roman money system functioned and changing the value of their currency. Lastly, just eight years before his death, Diocletian called for the last major persecution of christians. Diocletian reformed the empire.
When he became emperor, Diocletian thought that he needed to share the throne with someone. He thought the empire was to good for one man to rule over. Diocletian then appointed Galerius and Constantius as Caesars.
Under this leadership of four people, each emperor would rule over a division of the empire. He defeated the Sarmatians and Carpi between 285 and 299. Diocletian divided and expanded his military services and restructuring the empire’s divisions, and his empire had the largest and most organized government in the history of their empire. Diocletian later on made administrative centers in Nicomedia, Mediolanum, Sirmium, and Trier. Diocletian made himself an absolute ruler, rising himself above the empire.
Before Diocletian’s changed to the Roman value and system of money, most things were paid for in gold and silver. This process of goods in exchange for resources seemed to work well, however, as it seems to happen to every major power in the world, it’s economy crashed. Officials decided to reform, instead of lowering the value of their currency. Diocletian decided to change this reform into taxes. He proposed a tax based on land and capita. The land was not based on size, but on value. For example, what kind of resources were available on the land determined the value.
As his plan went into full effect people were sent all around the empire to assess the value of the land and labor. Taxes had to be paid by September of every year to the tax collectors. If the collectors failed to collect all the money they had to pay the rest from their own money.
All regions of the empire were included in this tax except for Rome. Tax records were made public and the economy was recovered.The Diocletianic/Great Persecution was a persecution of the Christians in the Roman Empire, in which Diocletian was at the helm of. The persecution took place in the year 303 A.D.
. With the combined efforts of emperors Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius, and Constantius. The emperor’s issued a series of commands that stripped the legal rights of Christians, and demanding that they follow the traditional Roman religious practices. Later edicts targeted the Roman clergy and ordered all of the inhabitants to sacrifice to the Roman gods (known as universal sacrifice). The persecution varied in strength throughout the Roman empire, strongest in the Eastern provinces and weakest in areas such as Gaul region and the Britain region. The laws of persecution differed depending on the emperor at the time, it ended with Constantine and Licinius’s Edict of Milan. During the first edict on February 23, 303, Diocletian ordered that the newly built church at Nicomedia be held, its scriptures burned, and its treasures seized.
The day was also the date of the feast of the Terminalia, for Terminus, the god of boundaries. The day marked the termination of Christianity. Next, the Christians from the surrounding area were captured and then imprisoned. Galerius (the other emperor assisting Diocletian), privately ordered the imperial palace to be set on fire. Then a general sacrifice commenced. The sacrificed was unbiased to Christians, the ones find were killed.
No distinction was made of sex or age. The Christian names were obvious, so it was easy for the persecutors to find out who practiced the religion. Many houses were set on fire and whole families were put into flames at a time. This lasted ten years, until the rule of Constantine took the policies out of place.
The rule of Diocletian was a throne of power and progress. With the reformation of the Roman empire which, in turn, resulted in a stronger empire, the reformation of the Roman coinage system, and The Great Persecution, Diocletian’s rule was full of events. The reformation was a mix of Diocletian dividing and expanding his military services and restructuring the empire’s divisions, and his empire had the largest and most organized government in the history of their empire. The reformation of the coinage system was fueled by the Roman empire economy crash and Diocletian’s efforts to create taxes to build it back up, which was successful. And finally,