3 main goals of discipline
1) To maintain productive learning environments 2)To teach students to be self-directing and responsible 3) To promote civility among all membersrs
effective discipline depends on teachers’…

1) ability to recognize maladaptive behavior in the classroom2) skill in selecting and implementing effective intervention tactics3) positive can-do attitude towards any discipline procedure they try to use4) ability to prevent misbehavior from occurring5) ability to communicate effectively with students;
conducting oneself in accordance with the established standards and expectations of a given profession or line of work
Defining characteristic of profession of teaching;
Teachers focus first and foremost on promoting learning
learning involves…

the usual knowledge and skills specified in the curriculumStudent growth in self-control, exercise of responsibility, and ability to relate effectively with others
the totality of one’s physical and mental activities
student (or teacher) actions that disrupt teaching, interfere with learning, demean others, or otherwise violate the moral codes of society
the boundaries that seperate acceptable behavior from unacceptable behavior in the classroom
Preventative discipline 
actions taken in advance to minimize misbehavior
supportive discipline
supporting students to stay on task with self-control
Corrective discipline
stopping misbehavior and helping students behave in a more suitable manner
Student misbehavior
any behavior that, through, intent or thoughtlessness…interferes with teaching or learningthreatens or intimidates othersoversteps society’s standards of moral,ethical or legal behavior;
Misbehavior is seldom…

Misbehavior is usually caused by…

conditions within students as they react to given situations
Students in poverty
Students who are members of households that must spend 1/3 of their disposable income for food adequate to meet the family’s nutritional needs
percentage of students who are considered “in poverty” in the United States
about 1/4
major factor that limits student success in school
Poor children are much more likely than nonpoor children…

to suffer developmental delay and to drop out of school early
generational poverty
long-term poverty
The “hidden rules” for students from generational poverty provide keys to…
understandingcommunicatingworking productively with students 
Neurological-based behavior (NBB)
behavior that results from cerebral processes that do not occur in a “normal” manner
Neurological-based behavior (NBB)
-often inconsistent-unpredictable-does not respond well to teachers’ ordinary discipline techniques ;
Students with compromised cerebral functioning usually show:
– high degrees of inattention-hyperactivity-impulsivity-excess emotionality-anxiety-inconsistent emotional responses-unpredictable intense mood swings-withdrawal-episodes of rage;
What leads to delayed support for the NBB student?
neurological differences are often difficult to diagnose;
Why do students with NBB behave as they do?
because of the ways their brains work, and their brains cannot always control their behavior in ways that serve them best
NBB diagnoses are considered to be…

mental health issues
Some of NBB disorders are due to…
– biological factors- environmental factors- both playing joint role;
examples of biological factors
genetics, chemical imbalances
examples of environmental factors
violence, extreme stress, significant losses of persons or home
Indicators of NBB
– behavior difficulties- language difficulties-academic difficulties;
behavior difficulties
frequently the first indication of something unusual especially if the behaviors are atypical, inconsistent, compulsive, or immune to normal behavior management
language difficulties
include problems in understanding, processing, and expressing information verbally
academic difficulties
vary among NBB studentscan involve memory or difficulties with fine and gross motor skills, comprehension, and language and math skills ;
Sensory integration dysfunction (sensory processing disorder)
refers to the process of organizing, interpreting, and responding to info taken in through the senses
impaired processing of info leads to…
poor learning and inappropriate behavior
some students’ sensory processing can be easily overwhelmed by.


excess visual and auditory stimulation
T/F – For children of poverty, one’s sense of personal value is connected to what one wears.
T/F – Students of poverty often save face by being disrespectful to the teacher
T/F – Noise level among people of poverty tends to be high.
T/F – Students of poverty often use a casual, informal style of speech.
Three major driving life forces of students of poverty
survivalentertainmentpersonal relationships;
Acquiring a good education is very important to students of poverty. True or False
Conflict is often resolved by fighting for students of poverty.

For students of poverty, those who can defend themselves are ostracized. F/T
Money is to be saved not spent for students of poverty. True or false
Students of poverty often save face by laughing when they are disciplined.

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Students of poverty feel that they have relatively little control over their lives. T/F
Students of poverty value relationships more than achievement. T/F
Personal worth is linked with the ability to entertain others. T/F
What does discipline concern?
punishmentconsequences (logical)follow-through;
What does classroom management concern?
preventativehow class worksrules/set-uplessons, materials;Time managementdiscipline included;
something necessary for growth or livingconcrete/abstract for healthy life (emotional, spiritual, mental….);
What are most important: needs, interests or habits?
needs- they are the most powerful motivator of behavior- can’t be changed, root 
things that you enjoy, like, look forward to, are passionate about, excite you, intriguing
actions done repeatedly, routine/organization