This syndrome includes chronic hyperglycemia, disturbances of carbohydrate fat and protein metablism?
diabetes mellitus
Primary beta cell defect or failure is known as ?
DM type 1
insulin resistance with inadequate insulin secretion is known as?
DM type 2
Lack of insulin and relative excess of glucagon is also known as?
DM type 1
Greatest risk factor for type 2 DM?
Polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, weight loss, fatigue are signs of?
type 1 DM
Recurrent infections, prolonged wound healing, genital pruritus, visual changes, paresthesias and fatigue are signs of?
DM type 2
Juvenile onset DM, brittle DM, idiopathic DM, and insulin dependent DM are all _________ DM?
Type 1 DM
Adult-onset DM, maturity onset DM > 40 years old, noninsulin dependent DM are also known as?
Type 2 DM
hypoglycemia, insulin shock, DKA, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome are all ?
acute complications of DM
In DKA blood sugars can range _______?
between 300-750 mg
In hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome blood sugars range?
between 600 to 4800 mg
fruity or acetone odor to breath is an indication of ?
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Insulin shock blood sugars?
30 mg or less in newborns, 60 mg or less in adults
microvascular disease examples?
retinopathy and nephropathy
macrovascular disease examples?
CAD, stroke, PVD
Diabetic neuropathies are?
Axonal and Schwann cell degenerations, impaired motor nerve conductions, pain and paresthesias
Most common complication of diabetes?
Excessive levels of circulating excessive circulating cortisol caused by hyperfunction of the adrenal cortex with or without pituitary involvement describe?
Cushing syndrome
Conn disease is also known as?
primary aldosteronism
Sustained elevated renin release and the activation of angiotensin are results of?
secondary hyperaldosteronism