Play leads to new learning (Zone of Proximal Development)
Toys are pivots
Play has stages
Gratification- children have a desire that they cannot fulfill, they gratify that desire through playRules- Each play activity has rules that the child must follow even if they do not want to;
Zone of Proximal Development
when playing the child can do something they would not be able to do without play
Vygotsky believes Toys;
help make the external/internal
(0-3)- no play (imitation only)(3-7) symbolic play7-12 games with rules
Vygotsky and Rules
Paradox of play- play brings pleasure BUT we do not just do whatever we want; each play activity has rules that the child must follow even if they do not want to;
are socially determined, but they are not fixed. they become more social as we get older
Vygotsky on play and cognition
zone of proximal development- a person can do something with assistance that they would not be able to do aloneexternal to internal- a child develops the ability to separate thought froma ction and action from thought
another word for the help that someone receives to reach a higher level. children can be ____ by people and by activites.
external to internal
vygotsky- children as they develop they get better at doing things inside their heads. a mature adult can do complicated operations in his head.
play can help children develop this ability.
toys and other objects. tows work as a help to the child to move from external to the internal.
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