actual height
the height of something measured starting at it base
cartographer
a map maker
cloud
visible formation of minute particle matter in the atmosphere.
asteroid
objects revolving around the sun too small to be considered actual planets.
barometer
a device used for measuring atmospheric pressure.
cave
a natural open space underground large enough for a person to enter.
climate
the average weather conditions of an area over time.
coalescence
the merging of 2 water droplets into a single water drop.
cosmology
the study of the universe
compound
is a pure substance composed of 2 or more elements.
earthquake
a shaking of the earth’s crust.
element
made up of the same kind of atoms and can’t be broken down …
constellation
a group of stars that appear to make a pattern in the sky.
dew point
the temperature at which relative humidity in the air reaches 100%
energy
ability to do work
epicenter
the point on the Earth’s surface that is directly above an earthquake.
erosion
the process of wearing away, loosening, or dissolving materials on the earth’s crust.
fault
a fracture along the boundaries of the tectonic plates.
focus
the initial point within the earth that ruptures during an earthquake; directly under the epicenter. Center of earthquake.
fog
a cloud formation near the ground.
fossil
a rock with an imprint on it of an artifact
front
when 2 different air masses meet.
galaxy
a giant structure that contains hundreds of billions of stars
geology
the study of the earth and materials and structures that make it up
hurricane
a tropical storm on the water with winds that reach at least 74 mph.
hygrometer
measures the water vapor content in the atmosphere (air)
hydrology
the study of water cycles on the earth
lava
molten rock that flows at the earth’s surface; product of a volcano
light year
the distance light travels through a vacuum in one year. (through space)
limnology
the science of all forms of surface and underground fresh water including lakes and rivers
lunar
pertaining to the moon
magna
molten rock
meteor
when meteoroid enters the atmosphere; known as a shooting star.
meteorite
a fallen meteoroid.
meteoroid
a chunk of rock or dust in space.
meteorology
study of earth’s atmosphere; weather
mineral
a naturally occurring inorganic solid with a definite structure and chemical combination
mixture
2 or more substances mixed together but not chemically combined.
moon
a planetary satellite
natural resource
materials found in nature that are useful and necessary for people to live
paleontology
the study of life that existed in the past; study of fossils
salinity
the amount of dissolved salt in water
seamount
a volcanic mountain on the seafloor.
seismometer
measures volcanoes
solstice
the two days of the year in which the noon sun is directly overhead.
solar system
the Sun with all the celestial bodies that surround it.
solvent
substance, usually liquid, which dissolves other substances
stalactite
an icicle-shaped dripping handing from the cave roof.
stalagmite
dripstone growing up from the cave floor.
thermometer
measures the temperature
tsunami
large sea wave caused by volcano or earthquake.
volcano
an opening in the surface of the earth from which lava, ash, and gases erupt
weather
the state of the atmosphere on a particular day.
worldview
philosophical position from which a person interprets events in the world and upon which he makes life decisions.
elevation
the height of a point above sea level