Objectives should (Four Points):
1. Be student oriented
2. Describe learning outcomes
3. Be clear and understandable
4. Be observable
What are the 5 things that a unit plan needs to include?
1 – Timeline (number of classes/days)
2 – Learning outcomes
3 – Overview of activities
4 – Resources
5 – Evaluation – formative and summative
What are the main elements of a year plan?
– All course objectives
– Usually organized into units
– Learning Activity Highlights
– Evaluation plans
– Resources
What are some characteristics about direct instruction? Give examples of direct instruction.
– Highly teacher directed
– Most Common
– Providing information / knowledge building
– Creative redundancy

Examples: lecture, drill and practice, demonstrations, didactic questioning, etc…

What are some main characteristics of indirect instruction? Give examples of indirect instruction.
– student centered
– builds on students’ interests and curiosity
– generates alternatives, solve problems
– teacher is facilitator, resource person

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Examples: case study, inquiry, concept attainment, problem solving, reading for meaning, etc…

What are some characteristics of interactive instruction? What are some examples?
– discussion and sharing among participants
– learning with/from peers (social skills, thinking skills, communication skills)

Examples: Cooperative learning, debates, role playing, discussion, labs, tutorials, interviews, conferencing, etc…

What are some characteristics of experiential learning? What are some examples?
– emphasis on process, not product
– learner centered and activity oriented
– reflect on experience
– should apply learning to other contexts

Examples: Field trip, experiments, games, story telling, observation, etc…

What are some characteristics of independent study? What are some examples?
– foster development of individual self-reliance, initiative, improvement
– teacher supervision and guidance

Examples: essay, journal, correspondence, homework, centers, research project, etc…

What are the key ingredients for structures?
P – Positive interdependence – each person’s contribution benefits the other, cannot be solitary
I – Individual Accountability – Make sure that each person must perform for the group
E – Equal Participation – Each person has the same amount of time/chances to contribute
S – Simultaneous Interaction – Increase the percentage of students that are actively engaged
What are the four types of teams discussed in class?
– Heterogeneous
– Random
– Homogeneous
– Student-selected
What are heterogeneous teams?
o Mix of all levels
o Students can help tutor each other as higher achievers and lower achievers work together
o Disadvantage – takes time to figure out which students are which
What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of random groupings?
o Allows students to mix with others and get to know other students
o Disadvantage – one team can end up very strong or very weak
What are homogeneous groups?
o Grouping students by commonality – if grouped by ability allows work to be geared at group
What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of student-selected groups?
o Can create cliques
o Students enjoy it
o Can be harder to get them to stay on task when working with their friends
What is Bruce Tuckman’s Four Stage Model of Teamwork?
1. Forming
? Rely on leader for direction
? Little agreement
2. Storming
? Decisions are difficult
? Members “vie” for position
? Compromises may be requires
3. Norming
? Agreement, commitment, unity
? Clear roles and responsibilities
? Group decides or delegates
? Social
? Discusses process
4. Performing
? Clear purpose and shared vision
? Autonomy, look after each other
? Disagreements solves within the team
? Goal + relationship process
What are the seven parts of Madelyn Hunters Lesson Plan?
o Sharing the objective and purpose
o Models demonstrating
o Input/Information
o Mental Set 1
o Closure/2nd Reflection
o Practice
o Check for Understanding
What are the 5 approaches to instruction strategies discussed in class?
1. Direct
2. Indirect
3. Interactive
4. Experiential
5. Independent
What are Jensen’s 7 Planning Stages?
1. Pre-exposure
2. Preparation
3. Initiation and Acquisition
4. Elaboration
5. Incubation & Memory Encoding
6. Verification & Confidence Check
7. Celebration & Integration
Which of Jensen’s planning stages says that if a topic isn’t worth revisiting it isn’t worth learning in the first place?
Celebration & Integration
Whats the difference between assessment and evaluation?
Assessment is the gathering of evidence. Evaluation is the lens through which we view student work.
What is Assessment FOR Learning?
Assessment FOR learning (Formative) – during the learning
o Checks learning to decide what to do next
o Designed to assist teacher and students
o Response to student work – informal
o Focused on improvement
o Involves student
What is Assessment OF Learning?
Assessment OF learning (Summative) – at the end of learning
o Checks what has been learned to date
o Designed for those not involved in daily learning (parents)
o Formal
o Compares to other students (standards
o Does not need to include student
Balanced assessment is a mix between _________ assessment and ________ assessment.
Balanced assessment is a mix between __authentic_______ assessment and __traditional______ assessment.
What is norm-references assessment?
When compared to a group (ex: bell curve, standardized tests)
What is criterion-referenced assessment?
When compared to a set of criteria (ex: use of a rubric)
What are the three steps of planning with the end in mind?
1) How will we know that learning has occurred?
2) Who are the learners?
3) How will we gather evidence of learning?
What are the basic needs of people in teams?
1. Sense of belonging
2. To share in planning team goals and to have responsibilities in reaching these goals
3. To feel that our goals are within reach and to see that progress is being made
4. To know that what we’re doing has a real purpose
5. To share in making the rules of the team (e.g. cohort norms)
6. To know exactly what is expected of me
7. To be kept informed
8. To have confidence in our leader based on fair treatment, due recognition and loyalty
What are the three types of skills that employers want?
Employers want:
1. Fundamental skills – reading, writing, arithmetic
2. Personal management – being on time, dressed appropriately, etc.
3. Teamwork skills – being able to function, contribute and be flexible as part of a larger team
What are some of the benefits of cooperative learning?
• Higher achievement, increased retention
o Increases student achievement by up to 25%
• More positive, accepting and supportive relationships with peers
• Higher self-esteem and motivation
o Makes them feel like they have a role and are important at school
• Greater use of higher level thinking skills
• Learning is more meaningful
What are the 16 characteristics of successful schools as discussed in “This We Believe”?
1. Value Young Adolescents
2. Active Learning
3. Challenging Curriculum
4. Multiple Learning Approaches
5. Varied Assessments
6. Shared Vision
7. Committed Leaders
8. Courageous and Collaborative Leaders
9. Professional Development
10. Organizational Structures
11. School Environment
12. Adult Advocate
13. Guidance Services
14. Health and Wellness
15. Family Involvement
16. Community and Business