Declarative Knowledge

Knowledge of facts, defintions, and stateable information.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

Example: Memorize capitals of states 

Conceptual Knowledge

Knowledge of and ability to create






Example: Understanding a concept and being able to transer it, learning a language and then being able to write a sentance in that language 

Prodecural Knowledge

Knowledge of Prodedures (steps/processes) and how to do something


-Often requires problem solving





Example: How to tie your shoes, long division 

Strategic Knowledge

General method for solving problems, learning, or remembering


Example: Teach studying, notetaking, time management strategies 

Beliefs knowledge

Thoughts about learning characteristics, how learning works, or the nature of a subject area

-Includes self efficacy beliefs 

Types of Knowledge (Learner)

1. Declarative





Types of knowledge (Teacher/professional)


2. Pedagogical content

3.General pedagogical

4.Knowledge of learners and learning 

Content Knowledge

Knowledge of the domain


-Cant teach what you dont know 


Example: Chem major–>science teacher



Pedagogical content knowledge

Knowledge of how to teach domain specific content


Example: English teacher might not know about statistics but they know how to teach vowels in great ways



Pedagogical Content knowledge (5 ways)

1. Demonstrations

2.Case studies

3. metaphors

4. Simulations

5. Models 

General pedagogical knowledge


Knowledge of instructionall/instructional principles and strategies


-Cuts across all domains


Examples: Knowing to call on all students in any subject area 

Knowledge of learners and learning

Knowledge of how learners recieve, interpret, contruct, manage, store, retrieve information


-How learning varies across learners and the role of prior knowledge


*this is the heart of educational psych 

Educational research (theory)

A framework that organizes information about a phenomen often relating to two variables


Theory–>Hypothesis–>Data–>New Theory 

Types of research methods in Edpsy


2. Correlational

3. Descriptive


3 Types of experimental research

1. Laboratory: Artificial, controls all factors

2.Randomized: Classroom

3.Single Case experiments: Student/Group/Unit….cant generalize 

Experimental Research

-Manipulation of variables

-Researcher controlled

-Control of other factors that might make a difference

-RANDOM assignment


Example: 20 Preschoolers with drawing where 10 are told they did good and ten were not 

Coorelational Research

Study of relationships between two or more variables and how they interact


Postitive: as one goes up the other does too

Example: math and reading


Negative: As one goes up the other goes down

Example:Absent and good grades



Descriptive Research

Descriptive/qualitative; describes something of interest

-Aquired from interviews, surveys, questionnares, and observations 

Action research

Teachers do research while they are teaching and data is used to inform practice


Example:Tests at beginning and end of a unit 

Card study

Experimental (randomized)


Strategy, declarative, conceptual and procedural 

Tetrahedral Model

1. model is used to plan effective instruction

2. Use the model to evaluate the effectiveness of a learning experience that has already occured

3. ANY learning or instructional activity can be dissected using the model


Characteristics of the learner–>Learner activities–> Nature of the criteria–>Nature of the materials 

Tetrahedral model: Characteristics of the learner

-Who learners are (Interests, gender, prior knowledge, language, skills)

-What do the learners bring to the learning situation

-Instruction must match characteristics 

Tetrahedral Model: Learner activities

-What activities will learners engage in during learning? (notetaking, discussions, building)

-What are the procedures?

-What is the learner doing?

-Activities should be appropriate given learner characteristics 

Tetrahedral Model: Nature of the materials

-What materials are learners using to complete the activities?

-Flashy is now always better

-Should be commensurate with outer components of the model 

Tetrahedral Model: Nature of the criteria

– What is the method of evaluation?

– how will we know learning has occured?

-Each learning experience should have some means of measuring affectiveness

-Variety is optional

-Should match objectives, activities, methods, materials