ARCS Model
Attention, Relevance, Confidence, Satisfaction.

“Will students find this technology motivating?”

teacher’s role as primarily maintaining an orderly classroom
Tutoring Process
1. The tutor asks a question ( or presents a problem for the student to solve).
2. The student answers the question.
3. The tutor gives feedback on the answer.
4. The tutor and the student collaborate to improve the quality of the answers.
5. The tutor assesses the student’s understanding of the answer
Approach to co- operative learning also relies on the principle of inter-dependence. Students are motivated to help one another succeed because they care about one another.
reception learning
A type of learning in which the learner acquires the struc-ture of knowledge set forth by the teacher
discovery- based learning
Students work on their own to grasp a concept or understand a lesson
expository teaching
A type of teach-ing in which the teacher provides an exposition of how a particular set of in-formation is structured and organized
advance organizer
A broad introduc-tory statement of the information that will be presented in a lesson
comparative organizer
A broad state-ment that reminds the student of what he or she already knows
expository organizer
A broad state-ment of what is to be learned in a lesson
inductive reasoning
The abstraction of a general principle from a variety of examples
guided discovery
Students work under the guidance of a capable partner and/ or with materials to grasp a concept or understand a lesson
direct instruction
A systematic form of instruction that is used for mastery of basic skills and facts
negative interdependence
A condition that exists when, in order for one person to succeed in accomplishing his or her goals, others must fail to meet their goals
positive interdependence
A condition that exists when the success of each in-dividual depends on all group members being successful
STAD (Student Teams Achievement Division)
The basic premise of these techniques is that students will be motivated to work together and help one another because the group as a whole will be rewarded or will receive recog-nition. Thus, if one person is not working to help the group, the whole group suffers.
Distinguished rote and meaningful learning. Rote learning involves memorization. The information has little connection to what the learner already knows. In contrast, meaningful learning involves connecting new information to what the learner already knows and understands. Three con-ditions are necessary for meaningful learning:
( a) the learner must approach the task at hand with a learning strategy appropriate for extracting meaning;
( b) the task must be potentially meaningful to the learner; and
( c) the relationship of what the learner knows and the new information must be clear.
Recognition Format
Multiple Choice
Generative Format
Short Answer
The appropriateness of judgements about students based on assessment information. In classroom assessment, the correspondence between what an assessment measures and what was taught as part of instruction.
criterion- referenced
Term describing a method for understanding what assessment scores mean by referring them to some arbitrary standard
norm- referenced
Term describing scores that are given meaning by referring them to scores from other individuals or sets of individuals
Affective Testing
Issues related to an individual’s attitudes, opinions, dispositions, and feelings are usually labelled affective issues.