Prevalence rates of LD
1 out of every 5 people in USA
what amount if all children who
receive special education have a
learning disability ?
one-third
learning disabilities tend to be identified in>>
elementary school
Specific learning
disability
means a disorder in one or more of the basic
psychological processes involved in understanding or in
using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself
in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write,
spell, or to do mathematical calculations, including condi-
tions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal
brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia
what percent of school aged children are identified with LD?
4-5%
what is the largest disability category served by special education?
OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRED
Close to one half of special education students are….
LD
causes of LD
the child processes information differently and are thought of as “brain different”
characteristics of LD
inactive learners who are strategy deficient.
characteristics of EBD
hyperactivity, aggression, withdraw, learning difficulties, immaturity
causes of EBD
Hereditary, diet, stress, family
prevalence of EBD
14.5% of children aged 4-17 have EBD
What are the four most common types of articulation disorders?
S-substitution
O-omission
D-distortion
A-addition
Who introduced the term specific learning disability?
Samuel Kirk
The most common fluency disorder is
stuttering
The communication of ideas through an arbitrary system of symbols used according to certain rules that determine meaning is
language
“Phonology” refers to linguistic rules governing
sound combinations
Most speech disorders are addressed primarily by a speech-language pathologist, not a classroom teacher
true
A language disorder that involves problems with functional and socially appropriate communication is
pragmatics
The meanings and concepts people attach to words and sentences are referred to as
semantics
The dimensions of voice are
pitch, loudness, quality
Boys outnumber girls by about ___ to___ in the LD category
three to one
people with AD/HD do not have enough of certain chemicals in their brains. These chemicals are:
neurotransmitters
Which of the following is not an advantage to using rating scales?
provide subjective info
What is the age of onset for ADHD according to DSM -IV-TR?
7
___ ARE 3times more likely than __to have ADHD
BOYS, GIRLS
Which of the following is not an example of an internalizing behavior disorder
physically attacking others
Which of the following is NOT an example of a projective test?
Multilevel Academic Skills Inventory
The boy to girl ratio among students with EBD is:
4:1 boy:girl
The boy to girl ratio among students with EBD is:
4:1 boy:girl
The IDEA definition requires that a child identified as having an emotional or behavioral disorder meet the condition of severity, difficulty in school, and also which of the following?
chronicity (a long term problem)
The smallest unit of a meaningful sound is termed
phoneme
Voice Disorders include all but the following:
stuttering
Adding /s/ changes one horse to many horses is an example of
morphology
The rule system that governs the order and combination of words to form phrases and sentences is
syntax