Existentialism
students pick their own goals
student centered
help students find meaning and direction
look within to find truth
Neill, Maxine Greene
SUDBURY VALLEY, MASS.
Perennial
St. John’s College, MD.
3 R’s
Teacher oriented
seek truth for themselves
Hutchins, Adler
Great books, ideas, concepts
Essentialism
Rancho Elementary, CA.
Core curriculum
Teacher-oriented
Bagley, Hirsch, Bennett
Traditional virtues
Social reconstructionism
Learning around a cause
student-centered
George counts (doing something that counts)
Paulo Freire – praxis
Progressivism
John Dewey
Real-world experiences
children in groups, talking freely
Laboratory School, Chicago