pertaining to illness and disease
pertaining to death
preventive or prospective medicine
physician-centered medical care in which areas of risk for chronic illnesses are identified so that they might be lowered
risk factor
a biomedical index such as serum cholesterol level or a behavioral pattern such as smoking associate with a chronic illness
high-risk health behavior
behavioral patterns such as smoking, that is associated with a high risk of developing a chronic illness
the nurturing of an individuals ability to be responsible for their own health and well being
prochaska’s transtheoretical model of health behavior change
six stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintainence, termination
holistic health
view of health in terms of its physical, emotional, social, intellectual, spiritual, and occupational makeup
psychological health
broadly based concept pertaining to cognitive functioning in conjunction with the way people express their emotions, cope with stress, adversity, and success, and adapt to changes in themselves and their environment
biopsychological model
a model that addre4sses how biological, psychological, and social facctors interact and affect psychological health
biological factors
environmental factors
basic needs
deficiency needs that are viewed as essential. belonging and love, physiological, safety and security, esteem
secondary concerns: beauty, creativity, curiosity, philosophy, justice
first dimension of learned optimism, whether certain events are viewd as temporary or long lasting
second dimension of learned optimism. whether events are seen as specific or general
extremely excitable state characterized by excessive energy, racing thoughts, impulsive and reckless behavior
psysiological and spychological state of disruption caused by the presence of an unanticipated, disruptive, or stimulating event
stress that diminishes the quality of life
stress that is good on a day to day basis
fight or flight
response to a stressor that prepares the body for confrontation or avoidance
alarm stage
1st stage in stress response. physiological, involuntary changes that are controlled by hormonal and nervous system
resistance stage
2nd stage of stress response. body attempts to reestablish its equilibrium or internal balance
exhaustion stage
last stage of stress response. physical and psychological resources used to deal with stress have been depleted
yerkes-dodson law
bell shaped curve showing that there is an optimal level of stress for peak performance
intrapsychic stressors
internal worries
circadian rhythms
internal biological clock that helps with light/dark
physical fitness
set of attributes that people have that relates to the ability to perform physical activity
physical activity
bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure
planned, structured, repetitive in the sense that an improvement
anaerobic energy production
body’s means of energy production when necessary amount of oxygen is not available
aerobic energy production
the body’s means of energy production when the respiratory and circulatory ststems are able to proess and transport a succicient amount of oxygen o muscle cells
muscular fitness
ability of muscles to perform contractions
muscular strength
deals with ability to contract skeletal muscles to a maximal level
isometric exercises
muscular strength training exercises in which the resistancce is so great tha the object cannot be moved
isokinetic exercises
machines are used to provide variable resistances at different speeds
static stretching
slow lengthening of a muscle group to extend its stretch
reduction in size of muscle fibers, related to aging
anabolic steroids
drugs that funciton like testosterone to produce increases in muscle mass, strength, endurance, and aggressiveness