ADHD
Current term for disruptive behavior disorders marked by over activity, excessive difficulty sustaining attention or impulsiveness.
ADAPTATION
adjustment to the environment
COGNITIVE APPRENTICSHIP
a relationship in which a less expereinced learner acquires knowledge and skills under the guidance of the expert
cognitive behavior modification
procedures based on both behavioral and cognitive learning principles for changing your own behavior by using self talk and self instruction
cognitive development
gradual orderly changes by which mental processes become more complex and sophisticated
cognitive domain
in Bloom’s taxonomy, memory and reasoning objectives
cognitive evaluation theory
suggest that events affect motivation through the individual’s perception of the events as controlling behavior or providing information
cognitive load
the volume of resources necessary to complete a task
cognitive objects
instructional objectives stated in terms of higher level thinking operations
cognitive view of learning
a general approach that views learning as an active mental process of acquiring, remembering and using knowledge
correlations
statistical descriptions of how closely two variables are related
disequilibrium
In Piaget’s theory, the “out-of-balance” state that occurs when a person realizes that his or her current ways of thinking are not working to solve a problem or understand a situation
descriptive studies
studies that collect detailed information about specific situations, often using observations, interviews, recordings, or a combination of these methods