The Goals and Objectives Project

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After the Tanglewood symposium (GO) were the first steps to implementing the Tanglewood declaration.

o    set School music programs description and standards
o    High quality of standards that people could measure up to
o    Secondary level-

Tanglewood symposium reports



o    Tango-wood declaration
   •     Give profession direction
   •    Music serves best when it’s integrity of an     art from is held and it does not serve non    musical references.
•    Music of all periods, style, forms, should be in school curriculum.
•    Schools and colleges should provide adequate time for music instruction from Pre-K to college.
•    Music Ed- should solve social problems.
       o    Issues in large cities
•    Programs of music study should be expanded so that we know how to teach it in schools.

Tanglewood Symposium

conducted after the yale seminar (1967)


  1. Comprised of Scientists, business persons, MENC members speaking towards a specific topic. 
  2. Purpose-to discuss and define the place of music education in rapidly changing society
  3. Should place more emphasis on elem. ed

Yale Seminar


Assembled to face and discuss problems with music education. Concerned that there was too much emphasis on science, and not on arts and humanities.



o    It created a climate professionally that was conducive to change that forced the music ed field to consider new practices and “it stirred up” the field.

Yale Seminar


o    Music in the schools were often of poor quality and not represented of repertoire.
o    Very little western. Not broad enough. (multi-cultural Music)
o    Music wasn’t challenging and student’s didn’t like it
o    Used water-down arrangements
o    Songs were based on limited technical skills based on the teacher not the kids.
o    There was a surplus of professional musicians without jobs.
•    HOW can we harness these talents musicians into the classroom?

Yale Seminar


o    More emphasis should be placed on musicality through the use of performance, movenment, ear training
o    Repertoire should include more classical music. Music of various genres of the highest quality
o    A variety of ensembles such as jazz band should be offered in the school
o    Advanced theory and literary courses.
o    More musicians in resident should be used in schools.

Yale Seminar


Julliard Repertory Project

o    Julliard Repertory Project
•    The dean of Julliard school took note to what was said at Yale
•    Wrote a grant to develop a large body of music to use in teaching.
•    To research and collect music of the “highest quality” (K-6)
o    Helpers
•    Musicologists- Compiled the music,
•    Music Ed Professors- Picked the ones that were meaningful
•    Teacher (testing consultants)- Used music in classroom.
o    Importance
•    It collected high quality music to be used in schools. It encouraged scholars and teachers to join together in the upgrading of music education material.

Charter Schools
Home Schooling
At-risk Students
any person who is in danger in failing or dropping out
Percussive Arts Society
Percussive Arts Society-largest
Bi-monthly newsletters
$60 Dollar student membership
National Association for Educational Progress (NAEP)
National Standards for Arts Education
No Child Left Behind
Edison Schools
Whole Language vs Phonics

Phonics is where you learn how to sound the word


Whole language teaches you what the meaning of the word is.

    National association for music education (largest)
•    Over 142,000-All levels of teacher from pre-k to college level
o    Every student has access to a well balanced music class
o    Develops National Standards for Arts Education
o    Mission- to advance music ed, to encourage the study and making of music by all.
o    1907 Philip Haden- met for 3 days, discussed problems.
o    1909- Meet again, leading to Music Supervisors National Conference
o    Music for every child, every child for music
o    1990¬- National coalition for music Ed. – To incorporate arts into CORE Riculum
nonprofit mus ed. To promote excellence in choral through performance, comp, publication, research and teaching.
•    Divided into 7 Geographic regions
Contemporay Music Program
Description and Standards: (1974) publication that provided a standard that quality music programs could measure their programs with, eventually replaced by National Standards for the Arts
Young composers project
Young Composers Project: (1959) put composers in residence in schools to compose and arrange. 
A Place Called School
John Goodlad, suggested that 10-15% of students’ program be in the arts, another 10-20% should be used to develop talents and interests. Goodlad said there is not enough time in the day for all the all the subjects and pointed out ways time was wasted and could be improved
50s: Cold War, launch of Sputnik I made America push for basics
60s: baby boom led to enrollment explosion and teacher shortage, education quality declined
70s: oil prices hurt school funding, gov’t shifted focus to foreign affairs away from education, enrollment and education quality both decline
80s: education improvement became a national issue, A Nation At Risk report released
90s: federal involvement in school reform again, academic problems still, but national standards are to get all schools up to a certain level of quality