motivating operation
value altering, behavior altering, MO can make things either more likely or less likely
value altering effects
An increase in the reinforcing effectiveness of some stim., object or event = EO
A decrease in reinforcing effectiveness of some stimulus, object or event – AO
Behavior altering effects
evocative or abative, not simply related to frequency (can be magnitude, latency or frequency)
Evocative effect
increase in the current frequency of behavior that has been reinforced by some stimulus, ob. or event
Abative effect
decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been reinforced by some stimulus, object or event
behavior altering effects operate –
operate on current frequency of the behavior, deal with antecedent variables (MO’s, Sd’s), can evoke or abate responses but not alter them
function altering effects
operate on FUTURE frequency of behavior, consequence variables, change repertoire of functional relations
antecedent variables
MO’s and Sd’s, alter the current frequency of the behavior, operant variables (control response frequency due to their relation to reinforcing or punishing consequences)
establishing operations
temporarily make a stimulus more reinforcing (eating salty chips temporarily makes a liquid to drink more reinforcing)
abolishing operations
temporarily make a stimulus less reinforcing (eating a whole bag of potato chips temporarily makes potato chips less reinforcing)
unconditioned motivating operations
deprivation and satiation, sexual reinforcement, temperature changes, painful stimulation