caus/o
burning
comat/o
deep sleep/coma
dur/o
dura mater
esthesi/o
feeling
gli/o
glue, parts of the nervous system that support and connect
lepsy
seizure
lept/o
thin, slender
pont/o
pons
praxia
action
radicul/o
nerve root
som/o
body
syncop/o
to cut off short
tax/o
order, coordination
thec/o
sheath, refers to meninges
vag/o
vagus nerve
lexia
reading
-paresis
partial paralysis
phoria
emotional state
-sthenia
strength
ALS
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
a progressive degenerative motor neuron disease
cerebral concussion
mild brain injury caused by hitting or jolting of the head
meningitis
serious bacterial infection, can be fatal, treated with antibiotics
meningiocele
cyst-like sac covered with skin/membrane protruding through bony defect in vertebrae
meningiomyelocele
cyst-like sac with skin/membrane protruding through bony defect in vertebrae containing meninges, cerebral spinal fluid and cord segments
multiple sclerosis
degenerative inflammatory diseae attacking myelin sheath in the spinal cord and brain
myasthenia gravis
chronic progressive neuromuscular disorder/auto immune disease which antibodies block/destroy acetylcholine receptor sites causing severe muscle weakness and fatigue
narcolepsy
sleeping disease
neuralgia
severe, sharp pain that extends along the course of one or more nerves
neurasthenia
mental and physical exhaustion
palliative
to soothe or relieve
palsy
uncontrollable tremor or quivering of the body or body parts
paraparesis
slight weakness or paralysis of both legs
paraplegia
paralysis of lower extremities
paresthesia
prickling, tingling or creeping on the skin
Parkinson’s
degenerative, slowly progressive deterioration of nerves in the brain stem’s motor system – gradual onset
petit mal seizure
small seizures with sudden, temporary loss of consciousness for a few seconds
poliomyelitis
infectious viral disease enters through upper respiratory tract affecting ability of spinal cord and brain motor neurons to receive stimulation
primary intracranial tumors
arise from gliomas, malignant glial cells that
thrombosis
clot develops in a blood vessel
trigeminal neuralgia
short periods of severe unilateral pain, radiats along the fifth cranial nerve
glimoas
most commonly diagnosed of both benign and malignant primary brain tumors. most common are astrocytomas, ependymomas, oligodendrogliomas and tumors with mixtues of two or more of these cell types
neuroblastoma
highly malignant tumor of the sympathetic nervous system
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
passing electrial current through the brain to create a brief seizure in the brain, used to treat severe depression
laminectomy
surgical removal of bony arches from one or more vertebrae
myelogram
procedure to visualize the spinal cord and vertebral column through x-ray
neurectomy
procedure to relieve pain in a localized area by incision of cranial or peripheral nerves
pneumoencephalography
radiographically visualizing one of the ventricles or fluid occupying spaces in the central nervous system
radiculotomy
surgical resetion of spinal nerve root
syncop/o
to cut off short
lept/o
thin/slender
lex/o
word or phrase
praxia
action
thec/o
meninges
ambly/o
dull, dim
aur/o, auricul/o
ear
glauc/o
gray
mi/o
less, smaller
mydr/o
enlarge or widen
myring/o
tympanic membrane
palebr/o
eyelid
papill/o
optic disc
phac/o, phak/o
lens of the eye
salping/o
tube
cler/o
sclera, hard (refers to the white of the eye)
-opia, -tropia
vision
-opsia
vision
-acusis, -cusis
hearing
anisocoria
unequal pupil size
astigmatism
errors of refraction caused by the differences in the curvature of the cornea
cataract
lens becomes opaque
esotropia
eye turns in, cross eye
exotropia
eyes turn outward
hemianopsia
loss of vision in the contralateral side (opposite side)
hordeolum
stye
hyperopia
farsightedness
kerectasis
protrusion of the cornea
myopia
nearsightedness
myringotomy
incision of the eardrum
neurochorioretinitis
inflammation of the optic nerve, choroid and retina
OD
right eye
OS
left eye
OU
both eyes
presbyopia
farsightedness due to old age
sclera
white outer coat of eye
strabismus
eyes do not look in the same direction
acoustic neuroma
non-cancerous tumor develops on the nerve that connects the ear to the brain
cholesteatoma
skin cyst located in the middle ear
Meniere’s disease
dizziness, tinnitus
otosclerosis
abnormal bone growth in the middle ear that causes hearing loss
presbycusis
deafness due to old age
cac/o
bad
carcin/o
cancer, cancerous, burn, heat
fibr/o
fibers
follicul/o
small glandular sac
medull/o
soft inner part
mut/a
mutation genetic damage
plas/o
formation
ple/o
many, more
prot/o
first
radi/o
rays
scirrh/o
hard
-drome
to run
-fusion
to pour
-lapse
to slide, fall, sag
-mission
to send
-or
one who
-phoria
to bear, carry; feeling
benign tumors are called?
adenomas
Carcinoma is a malignant tumor of what origin?
epithelial
Malignant tumors of connective tissue are?
sarcomas
en bloc resection
tumor removed with LARGE area of surrounding tissue containing lymph nodes
exenteration
wide resection of tumor
proton
therapy
proton therapy
highly focused high energy radiation
radiosensitizers
drugs that increase the sensitivity of the tumors to the x-ray