backward conditioning
a type of conditioning in which the US occurs before the CS
blocking
in a compound stimulus, when prior experience with one of the stimuli interferes with the ability of another to become a CS.
classical conditioning
another name for Pavlovian Conditioning, pairing of CS and US
compound stimulus
when two or more CS are presented simultaneously
conditional reflex
a reflex which depends on experience, includes a CS and a CR
conditional response
the behavior evoked by a conditional stimulus
conditional stimulus (CS)
a formerly neutral stimulus change which elicits respondent behavior only after it has been paired with a US or another CS
contiguity
refers to the closeness in time or space between two events
contingency
an if/then statement; y is contingent upon x to the extent that y occurs if and only if x occurs.