1st Semester Exam Study Guide 1. Dialogue- Conversation between characters 2. Stage Directions- Give information about costumes, lighting, scenery, properties, setting, and character’s movements and way of speaking 3. Dramatic Exposition- Part of the plat that introduces characters, setting, and basic situation. 4. Allusion- Reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art. 5. Historical Context- Political, social, cultural, and economic setting for an ideal event. 6. Verbal Irony- Word or phrase is used to suggest the opposite of the usual meaning. 7.

Logical Fallacy- Incorrect conculsion derived from faulty reasoning 8. Theme- Central idea or insight into life revealed by a literary work. 9. Extended Metaphor- Metaphor that is continued over multiple sentences. 10. Origin Myth- Myth that describes the origin of some feature of the natural or social world. 11. Oral tradition- Passing of songs, stories, and poems from generation to generation by world of mouth. 12. Slave Narrative- Autobiographical account of life as a slave. 13. Emotionl Appeals- Persuasive technique that uses certain words and details to trigger certain emotions, such as sympathy or rage. 14.

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Narrative Accounts- Story told in fiction, nonfiction, poetry, or drama. 15. Puritan Plan Style- Consisted of simple sentences, used everyday words, no figures of speech, praised God. 16. Apostrophe- Punctuation mark used to indicate ownership or to omit letters or numbers. 17. Sermon- Speech in a house of worship. 18. Oratory- Art or practice of formal speaking in public. 19. Autobiography- Something written about a person, written by that person. 20. Aphorism- A pithy observation that contains a general truth. 21. Persuasion- Attempting to cause somebody to adopt a certain position, belief, or course of action. 2. Persuasive Appeals- Tool that helps to persuade an audience more effectively. 23. Personification- Giving human traits to non-living objects. 24. Speech—Rhetorical Devices- Technique an author or speaker uses to convey to the audience a meaning with the goal of persuading them. Can be used to generate audience interest, highlight ideas, improve word flow, etc. 25. Diction- The choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing. 26. Private Letter/Public Letter- Private: Letter written for one person, Public- Letter written for a group of people, a community, etc. 27.

Primary Source/Secondary Source- Primary: First-hand account of something, Secondary- Source of data collected by someone other than the author. 28. Stanza- Fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem. 29. Meter- Rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the number and length of feet in a line. 30. Rhyme- Two words having sounds that correspond with each other. 31. Rhythm- Recurring with measured regularity. 32. Alliteration- Occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely-connected words. 33. Onomatopoeia- Use of words that imitate the sound they denote. 4. Repetition- Use of the same word or word pattern. 35. Refrain- Repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song, typically at the end of each verse. 36. Assonance- Repetition of similar vowels. 37. Consonance- Repetition of similar consonants. 38. Internal Rhyme- Rhyme within one line of a stanza. 39. End Rhyme- Rhyme at the ends of lines. 40. Slant Rhyme- Rhyme in which the sounds are only similar, not identical. 41. Gothic literature- Set in bleak or remote places, plot involves macabre/violent incidents, characters are in psychological/physical torment, supernatural or other-worldly elements. 2. Romanticism- Movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy. 43. Parable- Simple story used to illustrate a moral 44. Symbol- Place, person, or thing that stands for something bigger or for something else. 45. Theme- Idea that recurs in a work of literature. 46. Plot- The main events of a work, devised and and presented by the author as an interrelated sequence. 47. Conflict- Open clash between two opposing sides. 48. 3rd Person Omniscient Point of View- Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of everyone. 9. 3rd Person Limited Point of View- Narrator knows only the thoughts and feelings of a single character. 50. 1st Person Point of View- Point of view in which a character is a narrator. 51. Characterization: Direct/ Indirect- Direct: Writer makes direct statements about a character’s personality. Indirect- Writer reveals information about a character’s personality through his thoughts, words, etc along with how other characters respond to that character or what other characters say/think about that specific character. 52.

Transcendentalism- Intellectual movement founded by Emerson. Senses are limited; deeper truths can only be grasped through intuition, observation of nature illuminates the nature of human beings, God, soul, and humanity are united as a shared universal soul. 53. Lyrical Poetry- Melodic poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. 54. Writing Process- Step-by-step phases that guide someone through the selection of a topic, understand of the purpose, drafting, editing, revising, and publication.