Passage
a piece of writing (the passage could be a story, artivle, poem, even a redipe)
text
the words of a passage (The text is anything you read on a page)
Italics
writing that is thin and slanted.
bold
writing that is thick and heavy
heading
a title (A heading helps a reader find information)
author
the writer (The author of a book writes the text)
illustrator
the artist (The illustrator of a book creates the artwork)
illustration
a piece of artwork (drawing, painting, photograph)
character
a person or animal that plays a part in a story (James is the main character in James and the Giant Peach)
setting
where and when the story takes place (The setting of Snow White is in a forest long ago)
plot
the action of a story (The plot is what happens in a story)
cause
an action that makes something else happen (The beach trip was the cause of his sunburn)
affect
what happens as a result of the cause (His sunburn was an effect of going to the beach)
fact
true information that cannot be argued (It is a fact that Roald Dahl wrote The BFG)
graphic organizer
a visual representation or frame to help students organize information and record relationships.
opinion
a person’s belief; not everyone has to agree with it (it is my opinion, Roald Dahl is the greatest children’s author of all time!)
figurative language
“figure of speech”, metaphors and similies
metaphor
comparing one thing to another by saying it is something else. My cat’s eyes are green emeralds.

simile
comparing one thing to another using “like” or “as”. The cat moved like a tiger stalking its prey. The cat was as black as coal.
prefix
a word part added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning
suffix
a word part added to the ending of a word to change its meaning.
author’s purpose
reason for writing
to entertain or amuse
many stories, articles, and poems are written to entertain the reader, just for the reader to enjoy!
to inform
some author’s write to give the reader information, like how to draw dogs, how to cook pancakes, or how to work a math problem
to persuade
some authors write to share their opinions and to persuade the reader to act or think a certain way
audience
the group of people for whom the book is written.

The audience is who will read the book.

predict
make a smart guess about what might happen next
To entertain or amuse
many stories, articles, and poems are written to entertain the reader, just for the reader to enjoy!
To inform
some authors write to give the reader information,like how to draw dogs,how to cook pancakes,or how to work a math problem
To persuade
some authors write to share their opinions and to persuade the reader to act or think a certain way
Audience
the group of people for whom the book is written.
predict
make a smart guess about what might happen next
recommend
to suggest to tell a friend something is good
compare
tell how two things are alike
contrast
tell how two things are differnt
summarize
tell in your own words
refer to the text
find information in the passage to prove your answer
narrator
person telling a story
narrative
story
personal narrative
a story centering around events the student has experienced,read or heard about.
imaginative narrative
the student writes a story that revolves around an event and has a resolution.
play
a drama to be acted out
paragraph
short composition consisting of a group of sentences dealing with the same topic
parentheses
brackets used around words to set them off from the sentence (words)
article
a passage from a magazine or reference book
main idea
focus
definition
meaning of a word
reflects
thinks about
speaker
person telling the story
identify
label ,pick out
describe
tell about something,list its properties
purpose
reason
phase
part of a sentence
origin
beginning
interview
question and answer session with a person,a scheduled meeting
manuscript
the play from of a book when making a movie
rename
find another name for
details
specific adjectives describing an object, small parts
strategy
a plan
except
with the exclusion of leave out
nonfiction
writing that is true
biography
the true story of a person’s life written by someone else
autobiography
the true story of a person’s life written by the person
recipe
a set of instructions for making something
advertisement
a public notice published in a newspaper or magazine
encyclopedia
a set of books with information on almost any topic
dictionary
a book that tells what words mean and how to say and spell them
thesaurus
a book of synonyms, gives a list of words that mean the same thing as your entry word
atalas
a book of maps
atlas
a book of maps
almanac
a book containing statistical information and world facts for a period of time usually one year
fiction
writting that is made up
fantasy
make believe
novel
a long fiction story usually a chapter book
folktales
fiction stories that have been told for generations
fairy tales
folktales that often include royal characters, magic, and good winning over evil
fables
folktales that have a moral usually have animal characters that teach a lesson
legends
folktales about people or events from history often told as ghost stories
tall tales
folktales full of exaggeration tales to big to believe
realistic fiction
a make believe story that could have happened
historical fiction
a make believe story that could have happened a long time ago setting is a true part of history
poem
a composition in verse
poetry
writting that often has rhythm and rhyme
poet
the writer of a poem
rhythm
the “beat” of a poem, the pattern of loud and soft syllables in a line of poetry
rhyme
when the last word of two lines in a poem sound alike
mood
the feeling you get from a poem, sometimes silly or fun, other times serious or sad
stanza or verse
part of a poem, usually several line separated from the rest of the poem by space
repetition
the act of repeating something dais or done