Brown v. Board of Education
1954 – Addressed the inequality of “separate but equal” facilities on the basis of race, however idea that segregation was inherently unequal was later applied to handicapping conditions.
Diana v. the State Board of Education
1970 – Decision that all children must be tested in their native language.
Wyatt v. Sticknety
1971 – Right to adequate treatment (education) for institutionalized persons with MR
Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Citizens (PARC) v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
1972 – Special Ed was guaranteed to children with MR
Mills v. Board of Education of the DC
1972 – Right to special education extended to all children with disabilities, not just MR.
Public Law 93-112 (Rehabilitation Amendments of 1973)
First comprehensive federal statute to address specifically the rights of disabled youth. Prohibited illegal discrimination in education, employment, or housing on the basis of disability.
Section 504, Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Extends protection to other areas that receive federal assistance such as education. Must have impairment that substantially limits self-care, walking, seeing, breathing, working or learning.