Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EQ)
a type of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one’s own and others’ emotions, to discriminate among them, and to use the information to guide one’s thinking and actions;Marshmallow theory
traditionally referred to placing  special needs students in regular classroom setting for at least part of the day;part of the day, only one teacher
reflects a stronger commitment to educate each student in a least-restrictive environment to the maximum degree possible;all day, with more than one teacher
Bloom’s Taxonomy
the most widely used system for determining the intellectual level of questions; proceeds from the lowest level of questions, knowledge, to the highest levels, evaluation and creation
Lower-order Question
can be answered through memory and recall; students either know the answer of do not; 70-95% of a teachers questions are lower-order questions
Higher-order Question
demands more thought and usually more time before students reach a response; these questions may ask for evaluations, comparisons, causal relationships, problem solving, or divergent, open-ended thinking
Ask lower-order questions when students are:
;;;;;;;;; Being introduced to new information ;;;;;;;;; Working on drill and practice;;;;;;;;; Reviewing previously learned information
Ask higher-order questions when students are:
;;;;;;;;; Working on problem-solving skills;;;;;;;;; Involved in a creative or affective discussion ;;;;;;;;; Asked to make judgments about quality, aesthetics, or ethics;;;;;;;;; Challenged to manipulate already established information in more sophisticated ways
Wait Time
slowing down at two key places during classroom discussion can ultimately improve the effectiveness and equality of classroom responses
Least-Restrictive Environment
places special needs children with everyone else;;;;;;; protects children with disabilities from being inappropriately segregated from their age-group peers.; Court decisions have urged that students with special needs be educated with children without disabilities as much as possible.; These placements can help students develop relationships and reduce their feelings of isolation.
Individual Disability Education Act (IDEA)
not only provided a more sensitive description of the act;s but also expanded the coverage to all learner;s with disabilities between the ages of 3 and 21
Public Law 94-142
the Education for All Handicapped Children Act
Procedural Due Process
upholds the right of children with disabilities to protect a school;s decision about their education
Auditory Learners
Students who learn best by hearing
Ability to form a mental model of the spatial world and to maneuver and operate using that model
Appreciation of the natural world and one’s place within it; ability to recognize and classify plants, animals, and minerals; ability to nurture animals and grow plants
Ability to produce pitch and rhythm, as well as to appreciate various forms of musical expression
Sensitivity to the meanings, sounds, and rhythms of words, as well as to the function of language as a whole
Pedagogical Cycle

  1. Structure
  2. Question
  3. Respond
  4. React

Learning Styles
Diverse ways of learning, comprehending, and knowing
 Academic Learning Time
Is engaged time with a high success rate
Howard Gardner
Harvard professor who thought of the eight kinds of intelligence
Absolute statements applied to all members of a group, suggesting that members of a group have a fixed often inherited set of characteristics
Affective Domain
A student’s attitude, value, and emotions about learning