affix
a piece of a word that comes either before the root word (prefix) or after the root word (suffix)It alters the root word’s meaning, tense or word role.

Examples include the following: dis, un, re, mising, ed, tion, sion

Comparative
A comparative adjective compares two things and uses either “more’ or “er.”
Figurative language
Figurative language includes various ways an author can spice up his or her writing. Hyperbole, simile and metaphor are types of figurative language.
Hyperbole
An author uses hyperbole as deliberate exaggeration that is not intended to be taken seriously.

Idiom
An idiom is an expression that a speaker from another county might not understand because it’s not literally what is says: “It’s raining cats and dogs.”
Implied
Something implied is not directly stated. The reader or listener has to make the connection.

Clause
A clause is a group of words that includes a subject and a predicate. It may or may not be able to function as a sentence.
Interjections
Interjectiions are short words such as the following: well, aha, hey, wow. An interjection is set off by a comma or an exclamation mark if it shows strong emotion.
Introductory paragraph
An introductory paragraph contains a topic sentence, detail sentences and a concluding sentence. It sets up the organization of the following paragraphs in an essay.
Main idea
The main idea answers the question:”What is this about?”
Metaphor
A metaphor is a kind of figurative language that does not use the words like or as to compare.

Narrative
Narrative writing tells a story.
Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia is a kind of figurative language where the word sounds like the thing or sound that is such as the following: Bam, Zoom, Clang
Personification
This figurative language gives human qualities to non-human ones. For example, “The cloud weeps” is an example.

Point of view
Two major types of point of view are first person, which uses “I” and third person which uses “he, she or they.” Third person can be limited or free roaming over and around all the characters in a story. Then it is called third person omniscient or “all seeing.

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Preposition
This is a part of speech that shows spatial or time relationships among words. A quick example is what an airplane can do in relation to a cloud: over, under, through, above, to, etc.
Prompt
A prompt is a starting point for an essay. It can and does include a piece of reading that the writer has to respond to in an essay.
Colon
:The colon is used for these:listsDear Sir:It also means “Pay Attention to What Follows.”
Semi-colon
; A semi-colon can be used in place of a comma and and to connect two sentences that belong or are connected to each other.

Reference sources
almanac, thesaurus, dictionary, encyclopedia, newspapers, periodicals
Simile
A simile is a kind of figurative language that uses like or as to compare to different things.
Citations
Generally, a citation will include: the name of the book, article, or other resource; the name of its author; information (if applicable) about the journal it came from; the date it was published; and when it was accessed if it was read online.
Superlative
This kind of comparative compares three or more things. It uses words such as most, best or among. A superlative adjective ends in “est.

Theme
What the author wants you to take away or learn from the piece of writing. It’s more than the main idea of a piece because it is broader and more applicable to a connection with the reader’s life.