final exam notes BY nate3410 “American Romanticism” Final Review Guide Format (subject to relatively small changes): 1 5 fill-in-the-blank questions on authors, texts, key terms, key characters, key plot events. Some of these may come directly from the quizzes. (1 point each) ??? 5 short answer questions (3 points each) 4 out of 5 passage IDs and Explanation (1 point for title and author; 4 points for explanation) ??? 1 long essay , chosen from 3 prompts (10 points) Texts and Images to Review: Expect this test to be especially heavy on works from the second half of the semester!

Thomas Cole’s Course of Empire sequence, The Oxbow, Katerskill Falls ???William Cullen Bryant’s “Thanatopsis” and “An Indian at the Burial Place of His Fathers” ??? Walt Whitman, “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer,” “l Hear America Singing,” “Song of Myself” ??? Nathaniel Hawthorne, “The Birth-Mark,” “The Minister’s Black Veil,” “The Earth’s Holocaust” ??? Hiram Powers’ Eve Tempted and The Greek Slave Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature, “Self-Reliance” Henry David Thoreau, Walden and “Resistance to Civil Government” ??? Herman Melville, from “The Encantadas,” “Bartleby, the Scrivener,” “The Tartarus of Maids,”

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Moby-Dick ???Edgar Allan Poe, “The Tell-Tale Heart,” “The Black Cat, “The Fall of the House of Usher,” “The Raven” ??? Margaret Fuller, from Women in the Nineteenth Century ??? Fanny Fern selections in anthology ??? Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life ??? Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life ofa Slave Girl Sojourner Truth, two versions of “Ain’t I a Woman? ” ??? Orestes Brownson, “The Labouring Classes” Rebecca Harding Davis, “Life in the Iron Mills” Emily Dickinson, (poems covered by Professor Bradley) Topics to Review The sublime The uncanny Romantic ideas about nature

Romantic ideas about Native Americans ??? Romanticism’s critique of Enlightenment ??? Romantic ideas about children Romantic critique of science ??? Pantheism/Deism Calvinist and Unitarian views on human nature Self-Reliance Conformity Alienation Transcendentalists vs. Dark Romantics Reform Role of Women/Domestic sphere vs. public sphere Abolitionism/slave narratives ??? Romantic critique of industrialism Unreliable narrators Gothic conventions/what makes gothic literature frightening? ???Literary Nationalism (What makes U. S. literature American? What makes it democratic? ??? Mobocracy, emagoguery, reform-as-fanaticism–problems of democracy. ??? Romantic Metaphysics??”ls nature a sign that hints at what is beyond? Why is there something rather than nothing? What is the ground of being? (Transcendentalists, Moby-Dick) Sample Passage ID & Explanation Question 1. He had devoted himself, however, too unreservedly to scientific studies ever to be weaned from them by any second passion. His love for his young wife might prove the stronger of the two; but it could only be by intertwining itself with his love of science and uniting the strength of the latter to his own. Sample Passage ID & Explanation Response

This passage describes the problem in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “The Birth-Mark. ” Because Alymer entwines his love of his science with his love of his wife, he ultimately destroys her. He is able to Justify to himself that his desire to remove her birthmark (by science) is because he loves her. This is only partly true. His love is also for science and success in experimentation. Indeed, Georgiana becomes the ultimate experiment. Because his love of science is embedded in his love for Georgiana, though, Alymer is blind to it. Eventually, this ends poorly, which should be no surprise given the record of Alymer’s failures in his Journal.

His (scientific) love leads to his wife’s death due to drinking one of his (scientific) concoctions. Sample Short Answer Question 1. How did the Dark Romantics and the Transcendentalists differ on the question of human nature? Reference at least two works from the syllabus. Sample Long Essay 1. The mid-nineteenth century is sometimes known as the age of reform. Discuss how Transcendentalist ideas about the self might support and/or hinder prominent reform efforts of the day (abolitionism, women’s rights, industrial reform). Reference at least three specific works that we have read this semester.