An essay outline regarding the CSS and other competitive examinations relating to the topic of crisis or bad governance, essentials, causes and remedies. Dr Quratul Ain Malik (CSP) Introduction Good governance is a prerequisite for social harmony, public order, political stability, economic prosperity and certainty about future. It delivers the fruit of progress and development evenly to all and sundry. Good governance is required at all levels of society and state.
Essentials of good governance Promotion of national cohesion National integration Institutional supremacy Independent judiciary Constitutional supremacy Rule of law Political stability Educational opportunities Socio-economic development Equal distribution of resources Welfare state with provision of social securities Strong writ of the government on all fronts Situation of governance in Pakistan Forces of disintegration — stronger than forces of cohesion Weak writ of the government
Absence of independent judiciary No rule of law Political instability Interprovincial conflicts Unequal distribution of resources Pakistan presenting a picture of extreme bad governance on all national fronts Causes Political causes Parliament, a toothless tiger Political instability due to constant military interference Issue of provincialism on revenue, resources and demand of provincial autonomy
Administrative causes Bureaucratic hold on all institutions Political interference on bureaucracy Corruption, mother of all evils Absence of culture of accountability Mismanagement of resources Pakistan, a soft state because of inability of implementation of policies due to lack of consensus Economic causes Fragile economy – FDI shrinking on account of terrorism and political instability Crisis of energy, food, water Corruption from top to bottom creating burden on the government exchequer Social causes Poverty – 40 per cent population living below the poverty line (UN reports) Over population -16. crore ( Economic Survey of Pakistan 2009) Illiteracy leading to socio-economic backwardness Remedies Pakistan is in dire need of truly capable leadership Strong anti-corruption campaigns strengthening National Accountability Bureau Strict accountability of all government servants in particular and common masses in general Investment in socio-economic development Allocation of seven per cent GDP for education Three per cent for population control Three per cent for poverty alleviation Generation of new employment opportunities Equal distribution of resources Ensuring freedom of press